Ultrasound in Salivary Gland Disease

Centre Antoine-Lacassagne Service de Radiologie, Nice, France.
ORL (Impact Factor: 0.88). 01/1993; 55(5):284-9. DOI: 10.1159/000276440
Source: PubMed


This text reviews the normal ultrasound (US) anatomy of the salivary glands along with tumoral, lithiasic, and inflammatory pathologies. For salivary gland tumors, US does have limitations (failure to visualize the entire parotid gland, relations with the nerve plexus, in-depth spread of large tumors, false-negative errors of malignancy for small encapsulated tumors). However, US is a simple technique allowing correct identification of the benign nature of a lesion in over 80% of the cases. For lesions under 3 cm in diameter, US is generally the only imaging technique used; for larger lesions, CT or MR is required. Sialolithiasis and inflammatory diseases are being documented by US more and more and the indications for sialography have strongly decreased.

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    ABSTRACT: We emphasise the importance of high-resolution CT with reconstruction in the demonstration of submandibular gland (SMG) sialolithiasis and its role in monitoring treatment. We studied 76 patients with swollen and tender SMG, some with fever. They underwent conventional radiography, sonography (US) and high-resolution CT with reconstructions. Conventional radiographs demonstrated single stones in 29 patients. Axial CT, before reconstructions, demonstrated single stones in 63 patients and multiple stones in another 5. Following CT reconstructions, multiple stones were demonstrated in 37 patients. On US stones were diagnosed in only 33 patients, and multiple stones in only 1. All 68 patients with stones shown on imaging and 2 without stones underwent surgery, with good clinical results. Total removal of the SMG and its duct was performed in patients with multiple stones, chronic inflammatory changes in the SMG, or a solitary stone in the SMG or deep in the duct. A small incision for removal of a solitary stone in the distal aspect of Wharton's duct was performed in 15 patients, with excellent clinical results. Another 14 patients with multiple salivary gland stones, diagnosed on CT reconstructions, did not improve following this procedure and needed further surgery; clinical improvement occurred following excision of the SMG and Wharton's duct. Histological examination in all of these confirmed the presence of additional stones. Conservative anti-inflammatory treatment was recommended for 6 patients in whom CT reconstructions did not demonstrate stones.
    No preview · Article · May 1996 · Neuroradiology
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    ABSTRACT: Specifications about the size of healthy salivary glands are not available to date. Therefore, we determined the size of the submandibular and the parotid glands by ultrasonography in 50 subjects (25 men, 25 women, mean age 45 y, range 20-68) with no history of disease affecting the salivary glands. The subjects were equally distributed concerning gender and age. Body weight did not differ more than 20% from the ideal weight following Broca's formula (mean body weight 71 kg, range 46-95 kg). In the submandibular glands we found an anterior-posterior length of 35 mm +/- 5.7 mm, a paramandibular dimension to the depth of 14.3 mm +/- 2.9 mm and a dimension in frontal scanning of 33.7 mm +/- 5.4 mm. The parotid glands were measured 46.3 mm +/- 7.7 mm in the axis parallel to the mandibular ramus and 37.4 mm +/- 5.6 mm in the transversel axis. The dimension of the parotid parenchyma was measured with 7.4 mm +/- 1.7 mm lateral to the mandible and 22.8 mm +/- 3.6 mm dorsal to the mandible. No statistically significant difference to the 5%-level was found concerning gender. The dimension of the parotid glands correlated statistically significantly with body weight (p = 0.03). This correlation was not found in the dimension of the submandibular glands. Age did not correlate with the dimension of salivary glands. Results of the submandibular glands were compared with volume measurements of submandibular glands from cadavers.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1997 · Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
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