Incisional hernia

Department of Surgery, Medical College of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
Surgical Clinics of North America (Impact Factor: 1.88). 07/1993; 73(3):557-70.
Source: PubMed


Incisional hernias are a relatively common occurrence after abdominal operations, having been reported to occur in 2% to 11% of all patients undergoing such procedures. Although many hernias become manifest early, others may not be noted until many years after the index procedure. Predisposing factors for incisional hernia have been well described, and several of these can be altered by the surgeon, including the technique employed for repair. For many years, the repair of incisional hernia was associated with a high recurrence rate. In more recent years, the introduction of synthetic prosthetic materials has provided the opportunity to perform a tension-free repair, thereby reducing the rate of recurrence.

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    • "A vertical incision therefore divides the fascial fibers of the anterior abdominal wall, that lie in a transverse direction, and suture closure of such vertical wound places the suture material between the fibers. Contraction of the abdominal wall causes laterally directed tension on the closure line and might cause the suture material to cut through by separation of the transversely orientated fibers [40, 41]. From our literature review it was not possible to prove that the right hemicolectomy with transverse incision laparotomy presents significant advantages when compared to the open right hemicolectomy with midline incision or with the laparoscopic right hemicolectomy; this is due to the small number of studies and the high heterogeneity of the data reported. "
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The right hemicolectomy may be conducted through laparoscopic or laparotomic surgery, transverse or midline incisions. The transverse laparotomy offers some advantages compared to the midline laparotomy and laparoscopy. A literature review was performed to evaluate the possible advantages of the transverse incision versus midline incision or laparoscopic right hemicolectomy. Methods: A systematic research was performed in Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, BioMed Central, and the Science Citation Index. Results: Laparotomic right hemicolectomy with transverse incision is preferable to laparotomic hemicolectomy with midline incision. A transverse incision offers a lessened postoperative pain following physical activity, a lessened need to administer analgesic therapy during the post-operative time, better aesthetic results, and a better post-operative pulmonary function. Open surgery with transverse or midline incision ensured a shorter operative time, lower costs and a greater length of the incision compared to the laparoscopic. However, there are no differences in the oncological outcomes. Conclusions: It was not possible to identify significant differences between the open right hemicolectomy with transverse incision versus the open right hemicolectomy with midline incision or laparoscopic hemicolectomy.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014
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    • "Ventral hernias, whether naturally occurring or the result of previous surgery, comprise one of the most common problems confronting general surgeons, with overall incidence between 2 and 13% [1-4]. The introduction of the anterior positioning of prosthesis has allowed to greatly reduce the recurrence. "
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    ABSTRACT: The treatment of ventral hernias is still a subject of debate. The affixing of a prosthesis and the subsequent introduction of laparoscopic treatment have reduced complications and recurrences. The high incidence of seromas and high costs remain open problems. At our Department between January 2008 and December 2011, 87 patients (43 over 65 years), out of a total of 132, with defects of wall whose major axis was less than 10 cm, or minor and multiple defects (Swiss-cheese defect) on an axis not exceeding 12 cm underwent laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR) with primary and transparietal closure of the hernial defect. Through small incisions in the skin we proceeded to close the parietal defect with sutures tied outside. Then the mesh was fixed as usual with double row of stitches and an overlap of 3-5cm. In all patients, 43 of them elderly, surgery was successfully conducted. The juxtaposition of the edges of the hernial defect has not been time consuming and has not developed new complications. The postoperative course was uneventful, with discharge on the third day, except in 5 patients. Were observed only small gaps and not the formation of large seromas. There were no infections wall. We do not have relapses, but some small and asymptomatic solutions continuously up to 2 cm at the sonographic study. In elderly patients the absence of dead space and the feeling of greater stability of the wall, early mobilization and pain control have facilitated the post-operative course. The positioning of sutures transcutaneous is simple and effective, the reduced incidence of seromas and the greater stability of the wall suggest to adopt this procedure fully.The possibility to close the margins of the defect may allow to change the size and setting of the mesh, since the absence of dead space allows to download physiologically tensions of the wall.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2012 · BMC Surgery
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    • "Primary repair without mesh seems to be adaptable in large sized TAWHs if there is no excessive tension and if precise layer-by-layer approximation is technically possible. It is clear that prosthetic mesh augments the strength and reduces the possibility of recurrence after ventral hernia repair.24 The need for prosthetic mesh, therefore, must be evaluated on a case-by-case basis and the surgeon's preference. "
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    ABSTRACT: We report a rare case of traumatic abdominal wall hernia (TAWH) caused by a traffic accident. A 47-year-old woman presented to the emergency room soon after a traffic accident. She complained of diffuse, dull abdominal pain and mild nausea. She had no history of prior abdominal surgery or hernia. We found a bulging mass on her right abdomen. Plain abdominal films demonstrated a protrusion of hollow viscus beyond the right paracolic fat plane. Computed tomography (CT) showed intestinal herniation through an abdominal wall defect into the subcutaneous space. She underwent an exploratory surgery, followed by a layer-by-layer interrupted closure of the wall defect using absorbable monofilament sutures without mesh and with no tension, despite the large size of the defect. Her postoperative course was uneventful.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2007 · Yonsei Medical Journal
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