A non-pharmacological approach to pain relief

ArticleinProfessional nurse (London, England) 11(4):222-4 · February 1996with6 Reads
Source: PubMed


    Effective pain management programmes must acknowledge the subjective nature of pain. Non-pharmacological pain management can be as effective, on occasions, as pharmacological pain management. Stress and anxiety evoke a similar physiological response to acute pain, highlighting the need for efficient cognitive management programmes.