Relationship between postprandial esophageal acid exposure and meal volume and fat content
The effect of meal volume and fat content on gastroesophageal reflux was investigated in 20 asymptomatic healthy subjects. In each subject, intraesophageal pH monitoring was performed during a 3-hr postprandial period (PP) in the same position (supine or upright) on two successive days. On day 1, 500-ml low- and high-fat meals were ingested and, on day 2, an 800-ml low-fat meal was ingested. The acid exposure time was assessed as the percentage of time with a pH < 4.0. The acid exposure time in subjects in the upright position was significantly longer in the 800-ml group than in the 500-ml group for the entire PP (2.7 +/- 1.5%; mean +/- SE, 0.7 +/- 0.4%; P < 0.05). Of subjects in the supine position, the high-fat group showed significantly longer acid exposure time than the low-fat group both for the entire PP (7.6 +/- 3.0%, 0.7 +/- 0.5%; p < 0.05) and for the second hour (P < 0.05). We have demonstrated that differences in the meal volume and fat content influence gastroesophageal reflux in healthy asymptomatic subjects and that this influence varies with the position.
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