Feeding of Premature Infant Formula after Hospital Discharge of Infants Weighing Less Than 1800 Grams at Birth
Children's Mercy Hospital, University of Missouri Kansas City, USA. Journal of Perinatology
(Impact Factor: 2.07).
03/1996; 16(2 Pt 1):111-6.
A randomized, double-blind study was conducted to determine whether continued feeding of premature infant formula after hospital discharge improve biochemical measures of bone mineral or protein status and anthropometrics during the first 8 and 12 weeks, respectively, after initial hospital discharge. Forty-three subjects were randomized to receive either a 20 kcal/ounce standard cow's milk-based formula with iron or a 20 kcal/ounce premature infant formula with iron for 8 weeks after hospital discharge. Sixteen exclusively breast-fed infants (mother's own milk) who received a multivitamin supplement with iron were compared with infants in both formula groups. There were no differences among the three groups in gender, birth weight, gestational age, or weight and age at the time of study entry. Alkaline phosphatase values were lower in infants receiving premature infant formula than in those receiving standard formula 8 weeks after discharge. Phosphorus values were lower and alkaline phosphatase values higher in the human milk-fed group than in both formula groups 8 weeks after discharge despite supplementation with calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D before and during the study. At 8 weeks after discharge, human milk-fed infants also had lower transferrin levels than infants fed formulas. Infants in both formula groups grew similarly in weight, whereas the infants fed human milk weighed less throughout the study. The group fed premature infant formula had greater mean length and head circumference than the standard formula or human milk-fed groups. These data indicate that premature infants weighing < 1800 gm at birth may benefit from the continuation of premature infant formula during the first 8 weeks after initial hospital discharge.
Available from: anhi.org
Available from: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
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ABSTRACT: Supplying adequate nutrition to premature infants is an ongoing challenge. Common medical conditions that premature infants develop and therapies given to them can increase their nutritional requirements or interfere with the delivery of nutrients. This article outlines factors to consider when prescribing appropriate diet and nutritional supplements at hospital discharge.
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ABSTRACT: In planning enteral feeding in the preterm infant, decisions need to be made regarding the feeding schedule, choice of milk, and the route of administration. Feeds should be commenced within a week after birth beginning with subnutritional quantities. Preterm human milk from the infant's own mother is the milk of choice. When full enteral feeding is established, supplementation with human milk fortifier is recommended. Donor human milk and preterm formula are alternatives. Early establishment of enteral nutrition and maintenance of optimal nutrition during infancy are important as dietary manipulations in preterm infants have potential long-term influences on their health, growth and neurodevelopment.
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