[Gallbladder puncture and drainage as therapy of acute cholecystitis].
Medizinische Klinik, Kreiskrankenhaus Reutlingen. Medizinische Klinik
(Impact Factor: 0.27).
An ultrasound-guided, percutaneous puncture (n = 30) and cholecystostomy (n = 10) was performed on 40 high-risk patients aged between 38 and 99 (mean age 78 years old) suffering from acute lithogenic cholecystitis or acalculous stress cholecystitis on account of general inoperability. Two catheter dislocations and in 3 cases a slight bile leakage were observed as complications.
The puncture and drainage led to a dramatic alleviation of pain for all patients, the involution of a paralytic subileus and improvement of the general condition. Eighteen patients underwent a laparoscopic or open interval cholecystectomy in a stabilised condition. There was no recurrence of inflammation in 22 patients over a follow-up period of up to 5 years, so that one can assume a cicatrised healing of the acute choleycstitis.
Ultrasound-guided, percutaneous puncture and cholecystostomy are effective, low-risk, and only slightly invasive procedures which can be employed for risk patients with acute cholecystitis as a life-saving, and in some cases definitive treatment. On account of pathogenic considerations, they should be included in the diagnostic and therapeutic concept at an early stage, particularly for acute, acalculous stress cholecystitis.
Available from: João Paulo Araújo Teixeira
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ABSTRACT: The diagnosis of acute cholecystitis in the intensive care patient is often problematic. While most patients with acute cholecystitis present with fever, increased white count, or symptomatology pertaining to the gallbladder, occasionally these patients may be comatose and often present a diagnostic dilemma. Surgical cholecystectomy is the treatment of choice for acute cholecystitis, but this therapy carries with it a high mortality rate in the desperately ill patient. Thus surgical cholecystostomy has been advocated as a temporizing procedure to be performed until these patients stabilize. More recently percutaneous cholecystostomy, performed at the patient's bedside under ultrasound guidance, has been successfully performed using small-size catheters. This is a low-risk temporizing procedure when performed by well-trained personnel. In fact, percutaneous cholecystostomy has been shown to be a definitive treatment in patients with acute acalculous cholecystitis. Patients with calculous cholecystitis may require more definitive therapy, such as cholecystectomy. Presented is a review of the development and the current applications of percutaneous cholecystostomy in intensive care patients with suspected acute cholecystitis.
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ABSTRACT: The ultrasound-guided drainage of the gallbladder (USDGB) is mainly performed by Seldinger technique. We aim to evaluate the use of the easier performable trocar technique in draining critically ill patients with acute calculous or acalculous cholecystitis.
Critically ill patients with acute acalculous (AAC; n=29) or calculous cholecystitis (ACC; n=7) underwent trocar technique application of USD. Technical problems, complications and patients' further courses were recorded.
In group 1 (AAC) 29/29 patients could be drained without problems or complications. Three dislocations of the USDGB were seen. In group 2 (CAC) only four out of seven could be drained by this technique, in these four patients (a) major bleeding and (b) pericholecystic fluid collections were observed. In both groups no further complications during USDGB or its removal were seen.
In acute acalculous cholecystitis the use of trocar technique in applying the USDGB is easy and bedside performable, in acute calculous cholecystitis the USD should be done by Seldinger technique.
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