Article

Measuring Change in Adolescent Drug Misuse with the Personal Experience Inventory (PEI)

Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA.
Substance Use & Misuse (Impact Factor: 1.23). 02/1997; 32(1):63-76. DOI: 10.3109/10826089709027297
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to examine the utility of the Personal Experience Inventory (PEI) as a measure of change in adolescent drug misuse. One year test-retest reliability of the PEI Problem Severity Scales was measured in a sample of drug-misusing adolescents who did not receive treatment during the 1-year test-retest interval (n = 37). The five PEI Problem Severity Scales demonstrated satisfactory 1 year temporal stability coefficients, ranging from .86 to .89. The utility of the PEI as a measure of change was demonstrated by using the 1-year test-retest reliability data to measure both statistically significant and clinically significant change between admission and 1-year follow-up in a sample of drug-misusing adolescents who received treatment (n = 45). The PEI was useful in identifying which treatment clients exhibited statistically significant improvement, statistically significant deterioration, and no reliable change.

0 Followers
 · 
16 Reads
  • Source

    Full-text · Article ·
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The diagnostic criteria for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) (i.e., alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence) as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) were developed largely from research and clinical experience with adults. Little is known about the validity of these criteria when applied to adolescents. Recent epidemiological and clinical studies of AUDs and their symptoms among adolescents have indicated that the DSM-IV criteria have significant limitations when applied to this age group. Diagnostic interviews and screening tools for adolescent AUDs are discussed. Numerous instruments are available that have shown moderate-to-high reliability and validity in assessing AUDs among adolescents.
    Preview · Article · Feb 1998 · Alcohol health and research world
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to measure the sensitivity and specificity of the RAFFT, a screening instrument for problematic adolescent substance use. Two hundred and twenty-six adolescent patients, aged 13 to 18, who were referred to an emergency room or an ambulatory evaluation clinic were included. Patients answered the five questions of the RAFFT before a comprehensive psychiatric assessment was completed. Diagnoses were made according to DSM-IV. The best results were obtained with two positive answers on the RAFFT: a sensitivity of 89% and a specificity of 69% in the screening for substance abuse or dependence. The RAFFT performed well in this highly selected patient population.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2000 · American Journal on Addictions
Show more