High frequency TMS mimics the effects of ECS upregulating astroglial gene expression in the murine CNS
The present study evaluates the consequences of high frequency (25 hz) trans-cranial magnetic stimulation on the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in the murine CNS. Trains of transcranial magnetic stimulation (1-30 trains at 25 Hz, 10 s duration) were delivered to mice via 5-cm diameter round coils. The stimulation produced stimulus-locked motor responses but did not elicit behavioral seizures. GFAP mRNA levels were evaluated 12, 24, 36, 48 h, 4 days, and 8 days following stimulation by in situ hybridization. Following multiple 25 Hz trains, there were dramatic increases in the levels of GFAP mRNA in the hippocampal dentate gyrus; more modest increases were observed in the cerebral cortex. The selective increases in GFAP mRNA in the dentate gyrus were similar to those observed following single electroconvulsive seizures (ECS). These results indicate that trans-cranial magnetic stimulation can be used to modulate astroglial gene expression, inducing the first stage of a reactive response that is similar to what occurs following nervous system injury.
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