An Inherited Platelet Function Defect in a Simmental Crossbred Herd

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph.
Canadian journal of veterinary research = Revue canadienne de recherche vétérinaire (Impact Factor: 1.02). 05/1997; 61(2):128-33.
Source: PubMed


An inherited bleeding disorder, resembling Simmental hereditary thrombopathy (SHT), has been identified in a Simmental crossbred herd. In an affected bull calf, initially evaluated because of excessive bleeding from a vaccination site, the platelet aggregation response to the agonist, adenosine-diphosphate (ADP) was essentially absent and the aggregation response to platelet activating factor (PAF16) was reduced by at least 70%. The initial laboratory assessment of platelet function in the dam and sire yielded results which were within normal limits. The sire was not available for further testing. The dam, also a daughter of this sire, was subsequently shown to have a partially reduced aggregation response to ADP. Of 18 other offspring of the sire evaluated, 6 were also identified as having a partially impaired aggregation response. The maximum aggregation response to ADP and PAF16 in these 6 calves was approximately 50% of the level exhibited by unaffected animals. In contrast, the coagulation profiles were normal for all animals except for a heifer calf which also exhibited a partially impaired aggregation response. The plasma level of the coagulation protein, factor XI, was reduced in this heifer calf which suffered a fatal hemorrhage following dehorning. This report appears to be the 1st to have identified animals putatively heterozygous for SHT on the basis of the in vitro platelet aggregation response to ADP.

Full-text preview

Available from:
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The morphological alterations induced by the activation of bovine platelet rich plasma suspensions with the inflammatory mediator, platelet activating factor (PAF), and following the activation of washed bovine platelet suspensions with thrombin are described. The unstimulated bovine platelet exhibits a smooth oval or discoid shape and granules are randomly dispersed throughout the cytoplasm. The initial activation response to PAF is the development of irregularly shaped cells, the migration of granules to the periphery of the cell and the appearance of large pseudopodia devoid of membrane organelles. As activation continues and large platelet aggregates form, two zones of irregularly shaped, discrete platelets are evident within each large aggregate: an outer zone in which the cells are devoid of granules and an inner zone in which many of the platelets exhibit the typical ultrastructural features of a non-activated cell. In washed platelet preparations activated with thrombin, virtually all platelets undergo shape change and yet many cells retain their alpha granules. In addition, discrete irregularly shaped agranular platelets are also found. The distinctive morphological alterations observed in activated bovine platelets are likely associated with the absence of an open canalicular system, characteristic of many other types of mammalian platelets, and with the ability of the cytoplasmic microtubule coil to reorganise into a linear array following thrombin activation. It is postulated that the bovine platelet has evolved as a cell that can respond to various stimuli, for example inflammatory mediators, by releasing active metabolites from its granular stores without forming platelet-platelet bridges that can serve as a foci for thrombus formation. In this manner the bovine platelet can effectively function as an inflammatory cell without acting as a potent thrombogenic agent.
    No preview · Article · May 1997 · Comparative Haematology International
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Short-term in vitro platelet membrane lipid enrichment studies and feeding trials of human subjects with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) have shown a decreased reactivity in the platelet response to collagen. In this study, exogenous albumin-bound n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), namely EPA, DHA and docosapentanoic acid (DPA) were added to platelet suspensions and maintained at 22 degrees C for 24 and 72 hours. Subsequently, the aggregation response to agonist stimulation and the morphological appearance of the platelets were evaluated. A significant enrichment of platelet phospholipids (PL) in n-3 fatty acids occurred upon incubation with n-3 PUFAs in vitro, which was accompanied by a decrease in the aggregation response to collagen and preservation of platelet morphology compared with non-supplemented control platelet preparations. The inhibitory effect of the n-3 PUFAs appeared to be surface mediated in the case of DHA and DPA because the platelet response to agonist returned when the fatty acids were removed by washing. The platelet aggregation response after storage at 22 degrees C was also evaluated in platelet suspensions collected from healthy individuals before and after 42 days of dietary supplementation with seal oil, rich in DPA and DHA. Unlike the in vitro supplementation, in vivo modification and enrichment of platelet PLs by ingestion of seal oil did not appear to improve platelet function during storage relative to the placebo group.
    No preview · Article · Aug 1999 · Platelets
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A study was designed to determine the inheritance pattern of a blood platelet aggregation disorder in Simmental cattle utilizing embryo transfer technology. A Simmental donor cow that had previously produced a calf with the platelet aggregation disorder was superovulated and mated to a bull that had also produced affected offspring. Twenty-seven calves were produced from the 63 (42.9%) embryos transferred. This somewhat lower than expected pregnancy rate is suggestive of an increased rate of embryo loss. Twenty-three of 25 (92%) calves had normal platelet aggregation patterns and 2 failed to show any evidence of platelet aggregation. Data are suggestive that inheritance is not simple Mendelian recessive. A more likely scenario is that the defect is the result of the inheritance of at least 2 genes, which is also consistent with the sporadic incidence reported in the population at large.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2000 · The Canadian veterinary journal. La revue veterinaire canadienne
Show more