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Bowers JE, Meredith CP. The parentage of a classic wine grape, Cabernet Sauvignon. Nat Genet 16: 84-87

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Abstract

The world's great wines are produced from a relatively small number of classic European cultivars of Vitis vinifera L Most are thought to be centuries old and their origins have long been the subject of speculation. Among the most prominent of these cultivars is Cabernet Sauvignon, described as "the world's most renowned grape variety for the production of fine red wine". Although now grown in many countries, Cabernet Sauvignon derives its fame from its long association with the Bordeaux region of France, where it has been grown at least since the 17th century. We present microsatellite DNA evidence for the hypothesis that Cabernet Sauvignon is the progeny of two other Bordeaux cultivars, Cabernet franc and Sauvignon blanc. Likelihood ratios support this hypothesis to a very high degree of probability. A close relationship between Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet franc has been suspected but the genetic contribution of Sauvignon blanc, despite its similar name, is a surprise.
© 1997 Nature Publishing Group http://www.nature.com/naturegenetics
© 1997 Nature Publishing Group http://www.nature.com/naturegenetics
© 1997 Nature Publishing Group http://www.nature.com/naturegenetics
© 1997 Nature Publishing Group http://www.nature.com/naturegenetics
... The use of MAS in grapevine breeding will not be discussed in the present review because it has been already extensively reviewed [8,9]. So far, the applications of molecular techniques to assess V. vinifera inter-varietal diversity have shed light on its domestication history [10,11], including the origin of important grapes such as Cabernet Sauvignon [12], Chardonnay [13], Syrah [14], Sangiovese [15], Merlot [16] and Nebbiolo [17]. These studies suggested that the modern European varieties derive from a limited number of distantly related genotypes. ...
... However, due to their known limitations, RAPD and I-SSR have been rapidly replaced by SSRs and SNPs (see below) ( Table 1). The genome of grape varieties is marked by different SSR patterns that have been used to reveal the pedigree of several varieties [54,55] and their historical origins [12,13,16,55,56] since the 1990s. SSRs have revealed unexpected synonyms [57][58][59] also in grape varieties from distant geographical areas, as in the case of Malvasia delle Lipari, Malvasia di Sardegna, Greco di Gerace (Italy), Malvasia de Sitges (Spain) and Malvasia dubrovačka (Croatia) [60]. ...
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... The grapes used to make dry red wine mainly include Cabernet Sauvignon (Vitis vinifera L.), Merlot, Cabernet Franc, and Syrah (Rajha et al., 2017). In particular, Cabernet Sauvignon, originating from the Bordeaux region of France (Bowers and Meredith, 1997), is currently the most famous and important red grape variety; it also is widely cultivated in China because of its strong adaptability and the premium-quality wines that it produces (Jiang and Zhang, 2012). ...
... Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China is a worldrenowned wine-producing area due to the unique climate and geographical characteristics. As the primary red grape cultivars, Cabernet Sauvignon has been widely used to ferment premium-quality red wines globally (Bowers and Meredith, 1997;Radovanović and Radovanović, 2010). Recent research has shown that indigenous microorganisms, especially fungal communities, are key in grapevine health and growth (Novello et al., 2017). ...
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... First, the extent of the difference in gs and AN between WW and WD at high light intensity was higher in CS, followed by SB and CM and minimal in Table 1). CS is known to be a highly stomatal-sensitive variety in terms of water deficit [22] and is also known to be a progeny of SB [33], which follows in the stomatal sensitivity suggested by our results. Less well-known is the CM stomatal sensitivity, even though it has been shown to be more responsive to VPD than to soil Ψ [22]. ...
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... When considering only traditional varieties, pedigree studies at a regional or local scale may contribute to clarify their genetic origins and relationships. National and regional pedigree studies have been done in many countries and have allowed to discover the origins of iconic varieties like 'Cabernet-Sauvignon' (Bowers and Meredith 1997), 'Chardonnay' (Bowers et al. 1999), 'Merlot' (Boursiquot et al. 2009), or 'Tempranillo' . These are only representative examples present in very intricate pedigree networks with tens or hundreds of varieties like that recently published for Italian varieties (D'Onofrio et al. 2021). ...
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Chapter
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