Multicenter evaluation of new instruments for Alzheimer's disease clinical trials: summary of results. The Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study.
The Instrument Development Project of the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study (ADCS) evaluated new assessments in five domains: (a) cognitive function; (b) clinical global change; (c) activities of daily living; (d) behavioral symptoms, and (e) cognition in severely impaired patients. These new instruments demonstrate excellent discrimination between normal controls and patient groups and show adequate validity and reliability. Stability of measurement and sensitivity to longitudinal change were also demonstrated in each of these areas. Examination of several domain-specific questions also contributed new information on the measurement of cognitive function with different subtasks across AD severity levels, the stability of clinical ratings of global change, and the applicability of behavioral assessment across severity levels. The success of this project enhances the state of the art in the measurement of efficacy in AD clinical trials and also provides a basis for future research on improving AD outcome measures.
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