Synthesis and Anticonvulsant Activity of a New Class of 2-[(Arylalkyl)amino]alkanamide Derivatives

ArticleinJournal of Medicinal Chemistry 41(4):579-90 · March 1998with20 Reads
Impact Factor: 5.45 · DOI: 10.1021/jm970599m · Source: PubMed

Although most epilepsies are adequately treated by conventional antiepileptic therapy, there remains an unfulfilled need for safer and more effective anticonvulsant agents. Starting from milacemide, a weak anticonvulsant, and trying to elucidate its mechanism of action, we discovered a structurally novel class of potent and preclinically safe anticonvulsants. Here we report the structure-activity relationship (SAR) study within this series of compounds. Different parts of the structural lead 2-[[4-(3-chlorobenzoxy)benzyl]amino]acetamide (6) were thus varied (Figure 1), and many potent anticonvulsants were found. As an outcome of this study, 57 ((S)-2-[[4-(3-fluorobenzoxy)benzyl]amino]propanamide methanesulfonate, PNU-151774E) emerged as a promising candidate for further development for its potent anticonvulsant activity and outstanding therapeutic indexes (TIs) in different animal tests.