Hyalinizing Trabecular Carcinoma of the Thyroid Gland: Report of Two Cases of Follicular Cell Thyroid Carcinoma with Hyalinizing Trabecular Pattern
University of Cordoba (Spain), Cordoue, Andalusia, Spain Ultrastructural Pathology
(Impact Factor: 1.08).
01/1998; 22(1):39-46. DOI: 10.3109/01913129809032256
Recently tumors have been reported that have an architectural pattern and cellularity similar to hyalinizing trabecular adenoma and show either parafollicular differentiation or histological findings suggestive of malignant neoplasm of the follicular cells. This study describes two cases of thyroid carcinoma of follicular cells that displayed a hylinizing trabecular pattern. The first case was a 25-year-old euthyroid woman with a cold thyroid nodule in the right lobe. On fine needle aspiration a diagnosis of papillary carcinoma was rendered. The thyroidectomy disclosed a 2-cm, firm, brown, encapsulated tumor in the right lobe. The tumor had a growth pattern and cytologic features similar to those described in hyalinizing trabecular adenoma. The differences between these neoplasms were the presence of mitotic figures, prominence of the nucleolus, capsular blood vessel invasion, and microtubule groups in the endoplasmic reticulum. The second case was a 19-year-old euthyroid woman with a cold thyroid nodule in the left lobe. A cytologic diagnosis of follicular proliferation was rendered. A 4-cm, firm, whitish, encapsulated nodule was found in the left lobectomy. The tumor cells were arranged in two clear-cut patterns: a trabecular hyalinizing pattern with a small focus of papillary growth, and a follicular pattern. These findings confirm the existence of malignant thyroid tumors with a hyalinizing trabecular pattern and illustrate the nonspecificity of this peculiar pattern, since it may also be seen in papillary carcinomas of the thyroid. The relationship between hyalinizing trabecular adenoma and papillary carcinoma of the thyroid is commented on.
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ABSTRACT: SUMMARY The hyalinizing trabecular tumor (HTT) is an unusual tumor of the thyroid gland and controversial lesion. They are thyroid lesions with prominent sclerosis or hyalinization and trabecular architecture and they share several histologic, immunohistochemical and molecular features with another thyroid neoplasms like papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Cytoplasmic yellow bodies are a common and frequent his- tological finding in hyalinizing trabecular adenoma. Mem- brane and cytoplasmic immunopositivity for the monoclo- nal antibody MIB-1 is characteristic. In this article we report a novel expression with Ki-67 immunoreactivity in cytoplasmic and paranuclear bodies. A review of literature is included.
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ABSTRACT: Hyalinizing trabecular tumor (HTT) of the thyroid is a neoplasm of follicular derivation with a histogenesis that is still the subject of debate. Morphologic affinities between HTT and papillary carcinoma, including nuclear pseudoinclusions and grooves, suggest that these tumors may be of similar origin. The authors investigated the relationship between these two types of tumors by assessing HTT for the presence of rearrangements of the proto-oncogene rearranged during transfection (RET) that, in thyroid tumors, are specific for papillary carcinoma. A series of 14 HTTs, including two cases associated with classic papillary carcinoma, was studied by means of immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Seven follicular adenomas with focal hyalinized trabecular areas served as control cases. Three of the 14 HTT cases under consideration displayed rearrangements of RET generating the RET/papillary thyroid carcinoma type 1 (PTC1) oncogene. In another case, RET expression was detected focally by immunohistochemistry alone. Finally, in one mixed HTT-papillary carcinoma sample, RET/PTC1 expression was detected, but only in the papillary component. None of the control follicular adenomas contained rearrangements of RET/PTC. These findings demonstrate that a comparable percentage (28.6%) of HTTs and papillary carcinomas exhibit the same RET proto-oncogene alterations. Thus, HTT may represent the "hyalinizing trabecular" variant of papillary carcinoma rather than a separate entity.
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