Generation of a Transgenic Mouse with Lung-specific Overexpression of the Human Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist Protein

Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229-3039, USA.
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology (Impact Factor: 3.99). 04/1998; 18(3):429-34. DOI: 10.1165/ajrcmb.18.3.2983
Source: PubMed


The purpose of the studies described here was to test the hypothesis that overexpression of the human interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) in the distal airway epithelia of mice would result in amelioration of the inflammatory effects of IL-1alpha. The coding region of the human IL-1ra gene was placed under transcriptional control of the 5' flanking region of the human SP-C gene. Transgenic mice were generated by pronuclear injection of the transgene and identified by Southern blot analysis of genomic DNA. RNA expression of the transgene was confirmed by Northern blot analysis. In order to determine whether expression of the transgene conferred protection against inflammatory stimuli, control and transgenic mice were treated with IL-1alpha by intratracheal instillation. Six hours after treatment, bronchoalveolar lavage was performed, which revealed a statistically significant decrease in the degree of neutrophilia in the transgenic mice as compared with control mice. Furthermore, there was a significant reduction in the whole-lung myeloperoxidase concentration. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis of whole-lung RNA revealed a significant reduction in the messenger RNA/beta-actin ratio of macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha) and MIP-2 in the transgenic animals as compared with controls. The results of these studies indicate that distal airway epithelial cell expression of human IL-1ra results in partial protection from IL-1alpha-induced airway inflammation and injury.

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Available from: Robert W Wilmott, Nov 17, 2015
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    • "IL-1β or TNF-α expression can lead to increased IL-16 expression by epithelial cells (Little et al., 2003) a cytokine with an immunomodulatory role in asthmatic inflammation (De Bie et al., 2002; McFadden et al., 2007). IL-1Ra is an antagonist to IL-1α/β signaling in the lung (Wilmott et al., 1998). It is produced at high levels by neutrophils in response to LPS stimulation or exposure to TNF-α (McColl et al., 1992; Nguyen et al., 2010) and in a guinea pig model of late asthmatic reactions (Okada et al., 1995). "
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    • "Following an endotoxin challenge serum levels of IL-1 are decreased in IL-1Ra-null mice and increased in IL-1Ra overproducers in comparison to controls (Hirsch et al., 1996). Transgenic mice with distal airway epithelial cell expression of human IL-1Ra were partially protected from IL-1-induced airway inflammation and injury (Wilmott et al., 1998). "
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