“Effects of Parent's Job Insecurity on Children's Work Beliefs and Attitudes.”

School of Business, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Journal of Applied Psychology (Impact Factor: 4.31). 03/1998; 83(1):112-8. DOI: 10.1037//0021-9010.83.1.112
Source: PubMed


The authors hypothesized that children's perceptions of their parents' job insecurity mediate the effects of parental job insecurity and layoffs on children's work beliefs and work attitudes. Male and female undergraduate students (N = 134; M age = 18.9 years), as well as their mothers (M age = 47.0 years) and fathers (M age = 49.1 years), participated voluntarily. With structural equation modeling as implemented by LISREL VIII, support for the proposed model was obtained, whereas no support was obtained for a competing model. Moreover, identification with fathers moderated the influence of perceived paternal job insecurity on children's humanistic work beliefs, but no comparable effect emerged for mothers.

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Available from: Julian Barling, Sep 01, 2014
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    • "Moreover, parental educational and income level are directly related to the chances of an adolescent's adaptive STW transition (Blustein et al. 2002 ). Further underlining the importance of developmental issues and family infl uences is that empirical evidence suggests that work beliefs and attitudes are, at least in part, shaped by children's and adolescent's perceptions of their parental work attitudes, experiences, layoffs, and job satisfaction starting from the age of about 7 to 8 years (Barling et al. 1998 ; Loughlin and Barling 2001 ). "
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    ABSTRACT: A major work-related transition that individuals go through in the beginning of their career is the school-to-work transition (STWT) . During this transition young individuals face many challenges and changes in a relatively brief period of time, such as developing a professional identity (McKee-Ryan et al. 2005 ), fi nding suitable employment (e.g., Scherer 2004 ), and going through the organizational socialization process (Koivisto et al. 2007 ). The STWT is more relevant now than ever because of increasing demands for fl exibility and career self-management (e.g., Akkermans et al. 2013c ), and because the worldwide economic crisis of the past years has struck young employees hardest of all (European Commission 2012 ). Therefore, this chapter focuses specifi cally on this transition. First, we will discuss recent trends with regard to employment statistics of young workers in Europe. Second, we will focus on known antecedents and consequences of an adaptive STWT. Next, we will discuss the new career perspective, and examine two emerging topics; career adaptability and career competencies . Finally, we will present two cases in which the CareerSKILLS method in The Netherlands, and the School-to- Work Group Method in Finland will be detailed.
    Full-text · Chapter · May 2015
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    • "Other studies have demonstrated the moderating role of various factors that reflect relationship quality. Findings suggest that the relationship between parents' unfavorable work situation and child outcomes can be amplified if children highly identify with their parents (Barling et al., 1998, 1999). The quality of other relationships in the family (e.g., marital relationship) also appeared to moderate the relationship between parent work-family experiences and child outcomes. "
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    ABSTRACT: This chapter provides a critical synthesis of the literature on the relationship between parent work family experiences and child outcomes. The chapter begins by introducing a theory-driven conceptual model that organizes previous studies. Then it discusses research on the direct link between parent work family experiences and child outcomes, followed by a review of mediators and moderators of the process. It next notes limitations of the extant literature and concludes with promising directions for future research.
    Full-text · Chapter · Apr 2015
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    • "A future study can investigate whether parental influences differ depending on the gender of the parent involved in self-employment. The computations for parental self-employment activity and failure start at the offspring's age of 8 years are based on career development studies which argue that children from this age onward are able to recognize and be influenced by their parents' work habits (Barling et al., 1998). Age 21 is chosen as the last year in our computations based on our definition of young adults (18–21 years). "
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    ABSTRACT: Parental self-employment has been shown to have a positive influence on offspring's subsequent choice of self-employment as a career. Previous studies have, however, not considered its dependence on parental performance in self-employment and at what stage of the offspring's development (late childhood, adolescence, or young adulthood) this influence is highest. This article uses social learning and career development theories to argue that first, parental influence may not exist in case of parents' economic failure in self-employment, and second, that when it does occur, it is more pronounced when the offspring is a young adult. Using the United States Panel Study of Income Dynamics data set, we find empirical support for our hypotheses.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2011 · Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice
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