Compensation of Endothelin-1-Induced Coronary Vasoconstriction
The vasodilator capacity of the coronaries was determined by the reactive hyperemia (RH) test in open-chest anesthetized dogs. The myocardial release of adenine nucleosides (adenosine and inosine) was measured by the HPLC-UV method. In group I (n = 9) after the control RH test, a bolus injection of endothelin-1 (ET-1; 1.0 nmol i.c.) was administered and was followed by a second RH test. In group II (n = 9), glibenclamide (GLIB) was infused continuously (1.0 mumol/min i.c.) and RH tests were performed during the control period and then before and after bolus injection of ET-1. In contrast to the significant reduction of the RH response after ET-1 in group I and after GLIB in group II, the nucleoside release into the coronary sinus during the first minute of the RH test was significantly higher (adenosine release 0.05 +/- 0.02 vs. 0.10 +/- 0.04 mumol, and 0.02 +/- 0.00 vs. 0.08 +/- 0.02 mumol; p < 0.05). Injection of ET-1 did not result in further RH reduction in GLIB-pretreated dogs (group II) but significantly increased nucleoside release. High doses of ET-1 activated the metabolic compensatory mechanisms of the myocardium and thereby increased the release of adenine nucleosides into the venous blood of the heart. However, whether these metabolites can exert any significant compensatory vasodilator effects appears doubtful.
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