Article

Attachment style, emotion regulation, and adjustment in adolescence

Department of Psychology, University of Missouri--Columbia 65211, USA.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (Impact Factor: 5.08). 06/1998; 74(5):1380-97. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.74.5.1380
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Attachment style differences in psychological symptomatology, self-concept, and risky or problem behaviors were examined in a community sample (N = 1,989) of Black and White adolescents, 13 to 19 years old. Overall, secure adolescents were the best-adjusted group, though not necessarily the least likely to engage in risky behaviors. Anxious adolescents were the worst-adjusted group, reporting the poorest self-concepts and the highest levels of symptomatology and risk behaviors. In contrast, avoidant adolescents reported generally high levels of symptomatology and poor self-concepts but similar levels of risk behaviors to those found among secures. Mediation analyses suggested that the observed differences in problem behaviors were at least partially accounted for by the differential experience of distress symptoms (primarily hostility and depression) and by social competence. Finally, patterns of attachment effects were similar across age, gender, and racial groups, with some important exceptions.

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    • "Al respecto, se ha reportado de manera sistemática que quienes poseen estilos de apego seguro tendrían menores dificultades para regular afectos negativos, mayor facilidad para expresar las emociones y mejores niveles de adaptación al estrés que quienes poseen estilos inseguros (e.g., Brenning & Braet, 2013; Cabral, Matos, Beyers & Soenens, 2012; Cooper, Shaver & Collins, 1998; Fox & Calkins, 2003; Kerr, Melley, Travea & Pole, 2003; Mikulincer et al., 2003; Pascuzzo, Cyr & Moss, 2013; Waters et al., 2010). "

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    • "The avoidant attachment orientation, on the other hand, is typically associated with the deactivation of the attachment system and with suppressing and limiting accessibility to emotional memories and thoughts. Persons with insecure attachment orientations experience more negative and less positive affect (Wei, Vogel, Ku, & Zakalik, 2005), partly as a consequence of less effective emotion regulation strategies (Cooper et al., 1998). Those emotion regulation strategies have consequences for interpersonal interactions and relationships (Mikulincer et al., 2003; Selcuk, Zayas, & Hazan, 2010). "

    Full-text · Dataset · Nov 2015
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    • "The avoidant attachment orientation on the other hand, is typically associated with the deactivation of the attachment system and with suppressing and limiting accessibility to emotional memories and thoughts. Persons with insecure attachment orientations experience more negative and less positive affect (Wei, Vogel, Ku, & Zakalik, 2005) partly as a consequence of less effective emotion regulation strategies (Cooper et al., 1998). "
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    ABSTRACT: Extending recent research on emotion regulation in doctor-patient interaction, the present study examined relationships between doctors’ attachment orientations, their emotion regulation strategies, and patients’ satisfaction with the encounter. Forty doctors completed scales of attachment orientations and emotion regulation strategies and 160 of their patients reported on a standard measure of satisfaction with their doctor. Results from multilevel analyses showed that doctors’ avoidant and anxious attachment orientations were independently associated with lower satisfaction for patients higher on serious illness perceptions. Doctors’ emotion regulation strategies did not mediate insecure attachment orientation relationships with patients’ satisfaction as anticipated, but these regulatory strategies were an independent factor associated with satisfaction levels of patients with higher illness severity perceptions. The study confirms predictions based on attachment theory that doctors’ insecure attachment can have adverse effects for doctor-patient interaction.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · Health Communication
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