Effect of anion secretion inhibitors on mucin content of airway submucosal glands
Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of South Alabama, Mobile 36688, USA. The American journal of physiology
(Impact Factor: 3.28).
06/1998; 274(5 Pt 1):L762-6.
In porcine bronchi, inhibition of both Cl- and HCO3- transport is required to block the anion secretion response to ACh and to cause mucus accumulation within ACh-treated submucosal gland ducts [S. K. Inglis, M. R. Corboz, A. E. Taylor, and S. T. Ballard. Am. J. Physiol. 272 (Lung Cell. Mol. Physiol. 16): L372-L377, 1997]. In this previous study, a combination of three potential HCO3- transport inhibitors [1 mM acetazolamide, 1 mM DIDS, and 0.1 mM dimethylamiloride (DMA)] was used to block carbonic anhydrase, Cl-/HCO3- exchange, and Na+/H+ exchange, respectively. The aim of the present study was to obtain a better understanding of the mechanism of ACh-induced HCO3- secretion in airway glands by determining which of the three inhibitors, in combination with bumetanide, is required to block anion secretion and so cause ductal mucin accumulation. Gland duct mucin content was measured in distal bronchi isolated from domestic pigs. Addition of either bumetanide alone, bumetanide plus acetazolamide, or bumetanide plus DIDS had no significant effect on ACh-induced mean gland duct mucin content. In contrast, glands treated with bumetanide plus DMA as well as glands treated with all four anion transport blockers were almost completely occluded with mucin after the addition of ACh. These data suggest that mucin is cleared from the ducts of bronchial submucosal glands by liquid generated from Cl(-)- and DMA-sensitive HCO3- transport.
Available from: Douglas E Dylla
- "The pig bronchial epithelium is pseudostratified and contains ciliated, basal, and goblet cells, and abundant submucosal glands (reviewed in ref. 12). Importantly, the distribution of submucosal glands in the conducting airways and the CFTR-dependent and -independent secretion of liquid and macromolecules is similar to human submucosal glands.13,14,15,16 Thus, pig airway cell composition is much more akin to human airways than are those of mice. "
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ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated lentiviral vector development and transduction efficiencies in well-differentiated primary cultures of pig airway epithelia (PAE) and wild-type pigs in vivo. We noted gene transfer efficiencies similar to that observed for human airway epithelia (HAE). Interestingly, feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)-based vectors transduced immortalized pig cells as well as pig primary cells more efficiently than HIV-1-based vectors. PAE express TRIM5α, a well-characterized species-specific lentiviral restriction factor. We contrasted the restrictive properties of porcine TRIM5α against FIV- and HIV-based vectors using gain and loss of function approaches. We observed no effect on HIV-1 or FIV conferred transgene expression in response to porcine TRIM5α overexpression or knockdown. To evaluate the ability of GP64-FIV to transduce porcine airways in vivo, we delivered vector expressing mCherry to the tracheal lobe of the lung and the ethmoid sinus of 4-week-old pigs. One week later, epithelial cells expressing mCherry were readily detected. Our findings indicate that pseudotyped FIV vectors confer similar tropisms in porcine epithelia as observed in human HAE and provide further support for the selection of GP64 as an appropriate envelope pseudotype for future preclinical gene therapy studies in the porcine model of cystic fibrosis (CF).Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids (2012) 1, e56; doi:10.1038/mtna.2012.47; published online 27 November 2012.
Available from: Domenic Spadafora
- "Because normal submucosal glands are capable of secreting HCO 3 − (Inglis et al., 1998; Trout et al., 1998a) and the CFTR is conductive to this anion (Poulsen et al., 1994), there has been speculation that CFTR might be required for normal HCO 3 − secretion by airway glands. Jayaraman et al. (2001) used fluorescent pH-sensitive probes injected directly into liquid droplets as they emerged from the gland ducts to measure gland fluid pH. "
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ABSTRACT: Submucosal glands of the tracheobronchial airways provide the important functions of secreting mucins, antimicrobial substances, and fluid. This review focuses on the ionic mechanism and regulation of gland fluid secretion and examines the possible role of gland dysfunction in the lethal disease cystic fibrosis (CF). The fluid component of gland secretion is driven by the active transepithelial secretion of both Cl(-) and HCO(3)(-) by serous cells. Gland fluid secretion is neurally regulated with acetylcholine, substance P, and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) playing prominent roles. The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is present in the apical membrane of gland serous cells and mediates the VIP-induced component of liquid secretion whereas the muscarinic component of liquid secretion appears to be at least partially CFTR-independent. Loss of CFTR function, which occurs in CF disease, reduces the capacity of glands to secrete fluid but not mucins. The possible links between the loss of fluid secretion capability and the complex airway pathology of CF are discussed.
Available from: Mary Townsley
- "These observations probably account for the defect in mucociliary transport which characterizes this disease. The SEM study also noted that the gland ducts were unusually dilated and obstructed with thick mucus strands (Simel et al. 1984), a phenomenon that has also been reproduced in porcine excised bronchi exposed to bumetanide and DMA (Inglis et al. 1997a, 1998). Consequently, our findings document that critical aspects of CF lung pathology can be directly attributed to impaired anion secretion. "
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ABSTRACT: Since anion secretion inhibitors reproduce important aspects of cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease, the effects of these antagonists on airway mucus morphology were assessed in isolated perfused pig lungs. Maximal inhibitory concentrations of bumetanide and dimethylamiloride, which respectively block Cl- and HCO3- secretion in porcine airways, induced the formation of dense 'plastered' mucus on the airway surface, depletion of periciliary fluid and collapse of cilia. This effect was more pronounced when lungs were also exposed to bethanechol to stimulate submucosal gland secretion, when plastered mucus covered > 98 % of the airway surface. Bethanechol also reduced gland duct mucin content in the absence, but not presence, of the anion secretion inhibitors. Anion secretion inhibitors did not induce measurable increases in goblet cell degranulation. We conclude that inhibition of anion and liquid secretion in porcine lungs disrupts the normal morphology of airway surface mucus, providing further evidence that impaired anion secretion alone could account for critical aspects of CF lung disease.
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