138 healthy volunteers in four age groups completed the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (Self and Other) as well as measures of attention, freedom from distractibility, daily stress, and trait-state anxiety. Self-reported and observed cognitive failures were strongly associated with stress and anxiety. Higher self-reported cognitive failure in one age group appeared tied to this finding. We discuss the usefulness of self-report of cognitive failures for neuropsychological practice.
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"Cognitive functioning was also cited along with environmental mastery in one of the top five combinations of thematic categories. Cognitive functioning is not conventionally mentioned as a specific component of mental health in the scientific literature although cognitive ability and functioning are often implicated as one of the antecedents of mental health or its outcome, respectively (Stawski, Almeida, Lachman, Tun & Rosnick, 2010; Mahoney, Dalby & King 1998). The emergence of cognitive functioning as a category in the present study sample is understandable in the background of heavy emphasis on academic demands during college years. "
"This shared influence might be related to the occurrence of cognitive failures in daily life. Several studies have shown that lower mindful awareness (Cheyne et al., 2006; Carriere et al., 2008; Smilek et al., 2010) and internally oriented encoding style (Herndon, 2008) are both related to the occurrence of cognitive failures, which have in turn been related to lower psychological well-being (e.g., Mahoney et al., 1998; Wagle et al., 1999). Interestingly, Carriere et al. (2008) conducted path analyses on measures of mindful awareness, psychological distress, and cognitive failures. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recent findings have shown that mind-wandering - the occurrence of stimulus-independent and task-unrelated thoughts - is associated with negative affect and lower psychological well-being. However, it remains unclear whether this relationship is due to the occurrence of mind-wandering per se or to the fact that people who mind wander more tend to be generally less attentive to present-moment experience. In three studies, we first validate a French translation of a retrospective self-report questionnaire widely used to assess the general occurrence of mind-wandering in daily life - the Daydreaming Frequency Scale. Using this questionnaire, we then show that the relationship between mind-wandering frequency and psychological distress is fully accounted for by individual differences in dispositional mindful awareness and encoding style. These findings suggest that it may not be mind-wandering per se that is responsible for psychological distress, but rather the general tendency to be less aware and attentive to the present-moment. Thus, although mind-wandering and present-moment awareness are related constructs, they are not reducible to one another, and are distinguishable in terms of their relationship with psychological well-being.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2012 · Frontiers in Psychology
"It has previously been reported that cognitive functioning has a significant relationship with depression (Merckelbach et al. 1996; Sullivan and Payne 2007), stress (Mahoney et al. 1998), and anxiety (Houston 1989; Matthews and Wells 1998). Therefore, we next conducted a multiple regression model in which the CFQ was predicted by the ISI, along with the QIDS, PSS, PANAS, and STAI. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Previous research examining the link between insomnia and cognitive functioning is limited and mixed. The current study investigated this relationship using self-report in a large sample of college undergraduate students (N = 941; 65% female, mean age of 20 years). Regression analyses revealed that insomnia severity predicted cognitive failures overall, as well as on each of four subscales of cognitive failures: memory, distractibility, blunder, and memory for names. Hierarchical regression further showed that the relationship between insomnia severity and cognitive failures was significant even after controlling for possible confounding variables of depression, negative affect, stress, and anxiety. Additionally, it was found that insomnia partially mediated the relationship between cognitive failures and depression, negative affect, and trait anxiety. Future work in this area would benefit from adding a measure such as ecological momentary assessment to expand on these findings. Possible limitations, explanations, and implications of the present study and future direction are discussed.
Full-text · Article · Apr 2011 · Cognitive Therapy and Research