Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene meeting at Manson House, London, 20 March 1997. Epidemiology and control of rabies. The growing problem of rabies in Africa.
Although rabies in Africa is relatively insignificant in terms of human mortality, the disease is still relevant because of the high costs of rabies prevention. Over the past 2 decades, demographic, economic and sociopolitical trends in Africa have increasingly favoured the persistence and spread of rabies, while limiting the effectiveness of control measures. Dog rabies predominates throughout most of Africa; the domestic dog is the principal reservoir host as well as the most important source of infection for people. However, wild-life rabies is increasingly a concern, both as a threat to endangered wildlife populations and because of the possible emergence of new maintenance hosts.
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