Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on the Levels of Biogenic Amine Metabolites, Quinolinic Acid, and β-Endorphin in the Cerebrospinal Fluid of Dairy Cows

Department of Animal Science, McGill University, Sainte Anne de Bellevue, Québec, Canada.
Neurochemical Research (Impact Factor: 2.59). 01/1999; 23(12):1527-31. DOI: 10.1023/A:1020975903631
Source: PubMed


Eight multiparous non-lactating pregnant Holstein cows at 198 +/- 35 d of gestation, weighing 608 +/- 24 kg, were confined to wooden metabolic cages in an electric and magnetic field chamber with a 12:12 h light:dark cycle. Subarachnoidal catheters were installed 5 d before the activation of the electric and magnetic fields. The cows were exposed to electric and magnetic fields (60 Hz, 10 kV/m and 30 microT) continuously except for the feeding and cleaning time for an average of 21.44 +/- 1.4 h per day for a period of 30 d. Cerebrospinal fluid samples were collected on three consecutive days before an exposure period of 30 d, on the last 3 d of the exposure period, and for 3 d starting 5 d after the exposure period. The concentrations of beta-endorphin, tryptophan, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, homovanillic acid, 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethyleneglycol and quinolinic acid in cerebrospinal fluid were determined. There was a significant increase in quinolinic acid, and a trend towards an increase in tryptophan, findings consistent with a weakening of the blood-brain barrier due to exposure to the electric and magnetic fields.

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