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By means of the quantum potential interpretation we show that there is no need for a break or ``cut'' in the way we regard reality between quantum and classical levels.

Content uploaded by B. J. Hiley

Author content

All content in this area was uploaded by B. J. Hiley on Feb 05, 2016

Content may be subject to copyright.

... Another example of an abstruse monolayer -a coverage profile is based on the concept of adsorbed ions on sites on the surface of a solid so that the coverage varies from zero to one monolayer given in the adsorption process [1,2,[10][11][12]. However, it was found that such abstruse physical systems can be described by Bohm's theory [13]. ...

... Therefore, the main question is: How is the abstruse layer profile converted to the real layer structures during the adsorption and desorption processes. To answer this question, we start our discussion with the Bohm's equations [13]. Firstly, we will briefly review the quantum potential due to the Auger electron effect and the Laplace transform formalism. ...

... where Q i is the quantum potential, S i is the Hamiltonian-Jacobi function, P i ~ R i 2 ~ |ψ | 2 is the probability density and ψ is the wave function; index i denotes i th particle [13]. If Q i can be neglected, then the equation reduces to the classical Hamilton-Jacobi equation. ...

Modified Bohm’s formalism was applied to solve the problem of abstruse layer depth profiles measured by the Auger electron spectroscopy technique in real physical systems. The desorbed carbon/passive layer on an NiTi substrate and the adsorbed oxygen/ surface of an NiTi alloy were studied. It was shown that the abstruse layer profiles can be converted to real layer structures using the modified Bohm’s theory, where the quantum potential is due to the Auger electron effect. It is also pointed out that the stationary probability density predicts the multilayer structures of the abstruse depth profiles that are caused by the carbon desorption and oxygen adsorption processes. The criterion for a kind of break or “cut” between the physical and unphysical multilayer systems was found. We conclude with the statement that the physics can also be characterised by the abstruse measurement and modified Bohm’s formalism. © Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science of Polish Academy of Sciences 2019. All rights reserved.

... são funções dependentes de , em geral. Aqui o limite clássico da mecânica quânticaé realizado ao usarmos o seguinte critério [17][18][19][20][21] Q → 0. ...

... Ao usarmos (15) e ao levarmos em conta as relações (17)(18)(19), obtemos ...

... O leitor interessado pelas discussões entre M. Born, A. Einstein, W. Pauli e D. Bohm sobre as questões conceituais advindas deste trabalho, remetemo-loàs Refs. [17,18,20,21,[29][30][31]. ...

In this work we propose an alternative procedure to calculate the classical limit ( ® 0) of the quantum mechanical equations of motion. We compare our method with the Ehrenfest theorem, the WKB approximation and the Bohm quantum potential Q ® 0. We also translate an Einstein's paper about the relation between quantum and classical theories.

... The physical process entails diffusion of quantum states expressing the reality of "matter waves" toward a complex enough, soft condensed matter, requiring the self-referential amplifications of interrelational information structures as nonlocal teleological mechanisms, through the quantum potential energy as a concealed motion [33]. This leads to energy exchanges that result in a "quantum force" based on the quantum hydrodynamic description of quantum diffusion [107,113,114], provided the conditions, as warranted by hierarchical thermodynamics, are satisfied on account of its high instability to small perturbations [115]. This self-amplification mechanism invokes a "quantum force": ...

It is a century-old view that experiential philosophies are not compatible with materialism. In the contextual inconsistency with the reality, that matter is inertly acquiring only a single physical state, philosophers have gained ground in metaphysical beliefs, including dualism, monism, and idealism. We show that a new foundational self-referential identity theory of the mind is needed to bridge the explanatory gap. Panexperiential materialism is a new materialistic framework originating in the spectral domain of matter-wave energy quanta transcending the barrier of thermoquantal information, isomorphically aligning with consciousness. The holistic nature of its instantiation is panexperiential due to the composite states of non-inert matter, depending crucially on their interrelations without embracing essentialist ontology, further entwined with epistemic teleofunctionalism and informational relationalism, and based on the research agenda, concepts, and shared values of quantum chemistry. Panexperiential materialism is characterized by a spectral matter-wave structure, which is conjugate to the prescriptive structural properties of the spacetime domain. Yet panexperiential materialism is not contrary to ordinary materialism, although the latter may be fundamentally grounded in molecular networks. The phenomenology of consciousness is not merely a mental reification in the first-person perspective. The proper guideline should be the reduction of conscious processes to nonreductive physical correlates in the brain. The wet and hot environment of the brain affords quantum-thermal correlations in a transcending energy processing zone where quantum and classical fluctuations are fused to thermoquantal information. The quantum chemical basis incorporates non-self-adjoint analytic extensions in Liouville space and associated Fourier-Laplace transforms that conjoin energy, time, entropy, and temperature. The transformation across hierarchical thermodynamical domains is caused by the negentropic gain wholly implicated by the entropy production arising in the energy exchange resulting in the transformation of information forming informational holarchies, driven by nonlocal teleological mechanisms. The information transformation from the objective to the subjective is a process that is quantum in nature. The process of non-integrated information, actualizing the information-based action as a teleological process of cognition in the entailment of preconscious experientialities, should not be conflated with the experience itself, but rather as an isomorphic connection between mind and brain via the Fourier-Laplace transformation. Our holistic viewpoint denies the existence of integrated information as an emergentist ontology, instead advocating the canonical transformations B and B† as the syntax or universal grammar for intrinsic information (proto-communication). The irreducible character of an informational holarchy where the whole is affected non-synergistically by the non-integrated information is how intrinsic information encapsulates the energy transformation from fusing thermal and quantum fluctuations that result in long-range correlations (phase wave) that constitutes the fundamental dynamics of physical feelings. In panexperiential materialism, there is no issue dividing holists and reductionists, concerning the issue whether the whole or the discrete parts are primary, but rather their interrelations. This relationalism is pivotal in understanding how non-integrated information holistically concresce. Although we consider matter waves to be fundamental, one might say, avoiding the trap of eliminative materialism, that the brain is conjugate to the mind and vice versa.

... In the Bohmian model instead [2,3] the ontology is simple: the quantum world is made up of waves and particles pursuing deterministic trajectories. Waves and particles are taken to be real, allowing to unify the classical and quantum descriptions of nature: "there is no need for a break or 'cut' in the way we regard reality between quantum and classical levels" [4]. ...

The "dynamical mismatch" observed in quantum systems in the semiclassical regime challenge the Pilot wave model. Indeed the dynamics and properties of such systems depend on the trajectories of the classically equivalent system, whereas the de Broglie-Bohm trajectories are generically non-classical.\ In this work we examine the situation for the model favoured by de Broglie, the theory of the Double Solution (DS). We will see that the original DS model applied to semiclassical systems is also prone to the dynamical mismatch.\ However we will argue that the DS theory can be modified in order to yield propagation of the singularity in accord with the underlying classical dynamics of semiclassical systems.

Our brain gets the ability to think through its modular construction. In the process, nerve cell associations are trained like neuronal networks in a computer. Training and exercise strengthen or delete synapses. In the associative regions of our cerebrum, there are so many nerve connections that it becomes advantageous to process information in an integrated rather than localized manner. Interference patterns similar to a hologram emerge. BioinformaticsBioinformatics decodes neuromolecular signals at many levels: Genetic factors of neuronal maturation and disease, which can be elucidated using the OMIM database, genomeGenomes and transcriptome analyses. At the neuronal level, protein structuresProtein structures, in particular receptors and their activation can be described in detail using protein structureProtein structures analyses, molecular dynamics and databases (e.g. DrumPIDDrumPID, PDB database), as well as underlying cellular networks, protein-protein interactions and signallingSignalling cascades involved. Brain blueprints, so-called connectomesConnectomes, are already available for C. elegans and are being intensively developed for other model organisms and humans. Numerous special software are available for clinical evaluations (EEG, computer tomograms) (‘medical informatics’), but also for neurobiologicalInformatics, medical experiments (e.g. a neuronal activity detection toolActivity detection tool).

Cancer (a) represents an atavistic reversion to attempted asexual reproduction; (b) metastasizes to absorber “soil” tissues based upon temporal, ontogenetic commonalities; (c) cycles/precesses with competitive immunological surveillance and self-competition within the ecological environment of the body; and (d) is potentially manageable via quantum information qubit phase transitions and universal principles of thermodynamic hysteresis and resonant driving forces . We use retro-recognition of evidence-based cancer anomalies to make these arguments, which in sum position cancer as an ecological quantum information problem. The findings reposition the quantum metabolic model of cancer and presents a research approach aimed at applied treatments: Tertiary Lymphoid Structure ecological competition with cellular transmembrane quantum energy boosting using VDAC and other voltage gated ion channels.

Unser Gehirn bekommt durch seine modulare Bauweise die Fähigkeit zu denken. Dabei werden Nervenzellverbände trainiert wie neuronale Netzwerke im Computer. Training und Übung festigen oder löschen Synapsen. In den assoziativen Regionen unseres Großhirns liegen so viele Nervenverknüpfungen vor, dass es vorteilhaft wird, integriert und nicht lokal Information zu verarbeiten. Es entstehen Interferenzmuster ähnlich einem Hologramm. Die Bioinformatik dekodiert neuromolekulare Signale auf vielen Ebenen: Genetische Faktoren der neuronalen Reifung und Krankheiten, die man mithilfe der OMIM-Datenbank, Genom- und Transkriptomanalysen erhellen kann. Auf der Ebene der Nervenzelle können Proteinstrukturen, insbesondere Rezeptoren und ihre Aktivierung mit Proteinstrukturanalysen, molekularer Dynamik und Datenbanken (z. B. DrumPID-, PDB-Datenbank) im Detail beschrieben werden sowie zugrunde liegende zelluläre Netzwerke, Protein–Protein-Interaktionen und beteiligte Signalkaskaden. Gehirnbaupläne, sogenannte Konnektome (‚Connectome‘), liegen schon für C. elegans vor und werden intensiv für andere Modellorganismen und den Menschen vorangebracht. Zahlreiche Spezialsoftware steht für klinische Auswertungen (EEG, Computertomogramme) zur Verfügung (‚Medizinische Informatik‘), aber auch für neurobiologische Experimente (z. B. ein neuronal activity detection tool).

We realise a quantum three-level system with photons distributed among three different spatial and polarization modes. Ambiguous measurement of the state of the qutrit are realised by blocking one out for the three modes at any one time. Using these measurements we construct a test of a Leggett-Garg inequality as well as tests of no-signalling-in-time for the measurements. We observe violations of the Leggett-Garg inequality that can not be accounted for in terms of signalling. Moreover, we tailor the qutrit dynamics such that both ambiguous and unambiguous measurements are simultaneously non-signalling, which is an essential step for the justification of the use of ambiguous measurements in Leggett-Garg tests.

Unser Gehirn bekommt durch seine modulare Bauweise die Fähigkeit zu denken. Dabei werden Nervenzellverbände trainiert wie neuronale Netzwerke im Computer. Training und Übung festigen oder löschen Synapsen. In den assoziativen Regionen unseres Großhirns liegen so viele Nervenverknüpfungen vor, dass es vorteilhaft wird, integriert und nicht lokal Information zu verarbeiten. Es entstehen Interferenzmuster ähnlich einem Hologramm. Die Bioinformatik dekodiert neuromolekulare Signale auf vielen Ebenen: Genetische Faktoren der neuronalen Reifung und Krankheiten, die man mithilfe der OMIM-Datenbank, Genom- und Transkriptomanalysen erhellen kann. Auf der Ebene der Nervenzelle können Proteinstrukturen, insbesondere Rezeptoren und ihre Aktivierung mit Proteinstrukturanalysen, molekularer Dynamik und Datenbanken (z. B. DrumPID-, PDB-Datenbank) im Detail beschrieben werden sowie zugrunde liegende zelluläre Netzwerke, Protein-Protein-Interaktionen und beteiligte Signalkaskaden. Gehirnbaupläne, sogenannte Konnektome (‚Connectome‘), liegen schon für C. elegans vor und werden intensiv für andere Modellorganismen und den Menschen vorangebracht. Zahlreiche Spezialsoftware steht für klinische Auswertungen (EEG, Computertomogramme) zur Verfügung (‚Medizinische Informatik‘), aber auch für neurobiologische Experimente (z. B. ein neuronal activity detection tool).

We re-examine the notion of the quantum potential introduced by the Broglie and Bohm and calculate its explicit form in the
case of the two-slit interference experiment. We also calculate the ensemble of particle trajectories through the two slits.
The results show clearly how the quantum potential produces the bunching of trajectories that is required to obtain the usual
fringe intensity pattern. Hence we are able to account for the interference fringes while retaining the notion of a well-defined
particle trajectory. The wider implications of the quantum potential particularly in regard to the quantum interconnectedness
are discussed.
Si riesamina la nozione di potenziale quantico introdotta da de Broglie e Bohm e si calcola la sua forma esplicita nel caso
di un esperimento d'interferenza a due passaggi. Si calcola anche l'insieme di traiettorie delle particelle attraverso i due
passaggi. I risultati mostrano chiaramente come il potenziale quantico produce l'agglomerato di traiettorie che è richiesto
per ottenere l'usuale comportamento di intensità di frangia. Quindi si è in grado di spiegare le frange di interferenza conservando
la nozione di una ben definita traiettoria della particella. Si discutono le più ampie implicazioni del potenziale quantico
particolarmente rispetto all'interazione quantica.
Мы заново исследуем понятие квантового потенциала, введенного де Бройлем и Бомом, и вычисляем его явный вид в случае интерференционного
эксперимента на двух щелях. Мы также вычисляем совокупность траекторий частиц, прошедших через две щели. Полученные результаты
показывают, что квантовый потенциал приводит к группированию траекторий, что требуется для получения обычных интерференционных
полос интенсивности. Следовательно, мы можем объяснитб образование интерференционных полос, сохраняя понятие определенных
траекторий частиц. Обсуждаются следствия квантового потенциала относительно квантовой взаимосвязанности.

The semiclassical limit of the wavefunction in several dimensions depends strongly on the structure of the underlying family of classical paths. For the general case of multi-valued trajectory fields one has to distinguish between local and global WKB approximations.

The correspondence principle addresses the connection between classical and quantum physics. The simple statement that quantum mechanics reduces to classical mechanics in the limit where the principal quantum number n approaches infinity, while found in many textbooks, is not true in general. In this article we will give special attention to the notion that the quantum frequency spectrum of a periodic system reduces to the classical spectrum in this limit. Two simple counter‐examples—a particle in a cubical box, and a rigid rotator—will show us that the classical result is not always recovered in the limit of large quantum numbers. The usual textbook formulation of Bohr's frequency correspondence principle does not apply to all periodic systems, and the limits n→∞ and h→0 are not universally equivalent.

The quantum potential approach is applied to a 'delayed choice'
experiment considered by Wheeler (1978), and it is shown that there is
no need to conclude that the past has had no existence except insofar as
it is recorded in the present. A simple and intelligible account of a
typical delayed-choice experiment is given. The result indicates that
there is a definable and defined overall process that includes both the
observer-participator and the rest of the universe in one undivided
whole.

In the context of the general problem of equivalence between classical mechanics and quantum mechanics in the macroscopic limit, we point out that, for the particular case of the one-dimensional Coulomb potential, the quantum-mechanical result in the classical limit, corresponding to a certain superposition of odd- and even-parity energy eigenfunctions, leads to inconsistency with classical mechanics. It is shown that the contradiction persists even if the singularity of the Coulomb potential is treated as the limiting case of a modified Coulomb potential in which the singularity has been smoothed out. The possible implication of this paradoxical finding is briefly discussed.

The de Broglie-Bohm interpretation of quantum mechanics is shown to provide an explanation of the observed spatial interference in neutron single crystal interferometers in terms of well-defined individual particle trajectories with continuously variable energy.

It is shown that, in the contect of an idealized ''macroscopic quantum coherence'' experiment, the prediction of quantum mechanics are incompattible with the conjunction of two general assimptions which are designated ''macroscopic realism'' and ''noninvasive measurability at the macroscopiclevel.'' The conditions under which quantum mechanics can be tested against these assumptions in a realistic experiment are discussed.

- D. Bohm