An Unusual Case of Epithelial-Myoepithelial Carcinoma of the Liver
Department of Physical Therapy, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, JapanAmerican Journal of Surgical Pathology (Impact Factor: 5.15). 04/1999; 23(3):349-53. DOI: 10.1097/00000478-199903000-00016
The authors present an unusual case of an epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma of the liver in a 67-year-old man who was admitted for resection of a gastric adenocarcinoma. At operation, a 3 x 3 cm mass in the right liver lobe was also removed. This mass consisted of duct-like structures with dual differentiation. The inner layer was composed of an epithelial lining, and the outer layer consisted of clear cells, all unrelated to the moderately well-differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma. The clear cells were positive for S-100 and alpha-smooth muscle actin, suggesting myoepithelial origin. The mass was considered to be low-grade epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma. However, the patient had a history of an oral nodule present since childhood, resected 10 years previously. These slides were reviewed and revealed a mixture of clear cells and basal cells with squamous differentiation. In addition, there were duct-like structures with the two-layer pattern found in the liver tumor. This tumor had numerous mitotic figures and showed perineural invasion, suggesting a high grade of malignancy. These findings led to an interpretation of the oral tumor as also being epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma, which had remained as "benign" for more than 50 years and subsequently underwent malignant transformation. During this long period, liver metastases may have occurred and remained low-grade. Alternatively, the liver and oral tumors may have arisen separately in the foregut during embryologic development, remaining low-grade until malignant transformation occurred.
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Article: Epithelial–Myoepithelial Carcinoma
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ABSTRACT: Epithelial-myoepithelial tumors of the lung are rare neoplasms whose biological behavior and clinical course still remain to be defined. A case of epithelial-myoepithelial tumor of the lung arising from bronchial mucosa-submucosa and occurring as a polypoid lesion of the upper left bronchus in a 47-year-old man is reported. The tumor did not infiltrate the cartilaginous wall of the bronchus and showed a biphasic histological appearance with a double layering of epithelial and myoepithelial cells. Myoepithelial spindle cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm were also observed. Mitotic figures were very rare and necrosis absent. Immunohistochemical study for epithelial and muscular markers confirmed the presence of a double-cell component in the tumor, namely epithelial and myoepithelial. The patient is alive and well, with no evidence of recurrent or metastatic disease 6 months after surgery. On the basis of the present case and the six previously reported cases, we suggest using the noncommittal term pulmonary epithelial-myoepithelial tumor of unproven malignant potential (PEMTUMP) for this type of neoplasm. In addition, we first introduce p63 as a novel marker for highlighting the myoepithelial cells of the respiratory tract and speculate on the role of these cells in the development of this unusual tumor.
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