Cystic hamartoma of the renal pelvis: A rare pathologic entity
Department of Pathology, University of Vermont, Burlington, USA. Modern Pathology
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We report a case of a rare cystic renal tumor previously termed cystic hamartoma of the renal pelvis. A 53-year-old woman presented to her gynecologist with menometorrhagia. She subsequently had a computed tomographic scan that demonstrated an incidental cystic mass in the lower pole of the left kidney. Histologically, the tumor was composed of a mixture of benign mesenchymal and epithelial components. The stroma consisted of spindle cells with monomorphic nuclei and abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm that resembled smooth muscle and that reacted positively with antibodies to alpha-smooth muscle actin, desmin, and vimentin. The epithelial component was composed mostly of cysts lined by cuboidal-to-columnar epithelium. Focal dilated cysts were lined by epithelium with oncocytic features. We think that this entity is distinct from other renal tumors, including mesoblastic nephroma, cystic nephroma, or a cystic, partially differentiated nephroblastoma, and that it is best classified as a cystic hamartoma of the renal pelvis.
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ABSTRACT: A 7-month-old cat was examined for progressive abdominal distension. Radiography showed a fluid-containing cyst, which had subsequently ruptured as the result of a fall. Nephrectomy was performed, and examination revealed the coexistence of pyelocaliceal diverticula with a cystic intracapsular angiomyolipoma (mesenchymal hamartoma) in the left kidney. The diverticula were present on both cranial and caudal poles of the kidney and were lined by transitional epithelium. The hamartoma was characterized by the presence of multiple mesenchymal tissues, including thick-walled blood vessels, smooth muscle, and adipose tissue.
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