Cardiac sympathetic denervation in Ross syndrome demonstrated by MIBG-SPECT
We investigated cardiac sympathetic innervation by metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) imaging in a patient with tonic pupils, loss of tendon reflexes, and segmental anhidrosis (Ross syndrome). Despite normal cardiovascular reflex tests, we observed a reduced global myocardial MIBG uptake as well as a regional uptake defect over the posterolateral cardiac territory indicating left ventricular peripheral sympathetic denervation. MIBG imaging seems to be a useful noninvasive diagnostic method for detection of early--possibly subclinical--cardiac autonomic impairment in Ross syndrome and provides further evidence of injury to postganglionic autonomic neurons as the underlying pathological mechanism of the disease.
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