Tartour E, Fossiez F, Joyeux I, Galinha A, Gey A, Claret E et al.. Interleukin 17, a T-cell-derived cytokine, promotes tumorigenicity of human cervical tumors in nude mice. Cancer Res 59: 3698-3704
Interleukin (IL) 17 is a proinflammatory cytokine secreted mainly by activated human memory CD4 T cells that induces IL-6, IL-8, and nitric oxide. Because IL-6 and IL-8 have been implicated in the pathogenesis of cervical cancer, we investigated the action of IL-17 on human cervical tumor cell lines in vitro and in vivo. We showed that in vitro, IL-17 increases IL-6 and IL-8 secretion by cervical carcinoma cell lines at both protein and mRNA levels. No direct effect of IL-17 on in vitro proliferation of cervical tumor cell lines could be demonstrated. However, two cervical cell lines transfected with a cDNA encoding IL-17 exhibited a significant increase in tumor size as compared to the parent tumor when transplanted in nude mice. This enhanced tumor growth elicited by IL-17 was associated with increased expression of IL-6 and macrophage recruitment at the tumor site. A potential role of IL-17 in modulation of the human cervical tumor phenotype was also supported by its expression on the cervical tumor in patients with CD4 infiltration. IL-17 therefore behaves like a T-cell-specific cytokine with paradoxical tumor-promoting activity. This may partially explain previous reports concerning the deleterious effect of CD4 T cells in cancer.
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