Article

Giving and Receiving Help: Interpersonal Transactions in Mutual-Help Meetings and Psychosocial Adjustment of Members

University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States
American Journal of Community Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.74). 01/2000; 27(6):841-68. DOI: 10.1023/A:1022214710054
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

The helping transactions that occur in group meetings have been theorized to be important therapeutic mechanisms within mutual-help (or self-help) groups. Hypothesized links between giving and receiving help and psychosocial adjustment were examined in a mutual-help group for individuals with serious mental illness (GROW). Participants' adjustment was assessed at two time points and helping behaviors were measured with observational coding of weekly group interactions during the period between assessments. Frequencies of helping behaviors were used to predict Time 2 adjustment after controlling for initial adjustment. Consistent with the helper therapy principle, giving help to others predicted improvements in psychosocial adjustment; giving advice was a unique predictor. Total amount of help received was not associated with adjustment, but receiving help that provided cognitive reframing was associated with better social adjustment. A predicted interaction suggested that receiving help was related to better functioning when members experienced high levels of group integration.

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    • " , 2013 ; Pagano , Zeltner , Jaber , et al . , 2009 ) . Given the large literature in psychology and sociology on the benefits from providing and receiving social support , the lack of studies that have compared these two modes of exchange is unfortunate . To understand thera - peutic mechanisms better within mutual - help ( self - help ) groups , Roberts et al . ( 1999 ) studied the helping transactions occurring in group meetings . Hypothesized links between giving and receiving help and psychosocial adjustment were examined in a mutual - help group for individuals with seri - ous mental illness . Results indicated that giving help to others predicted improvements in psychosocial adjustment , though "
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    • "In an examination of helping transactions in the mental health support group, GROW, giving help to others was the greatest predictor of improvements in psychosocial adjustment over time (Roberts et al. 1999). The study found that total help received was not associated with adjustment, but help that assisted in providing cognitive reframing was associated with better adjustment. "
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