Schuringa JJ, Wierenga AT, Kruijer W, Vellenga EConstitutive Stat3, Tyr705, and Ser727 phosphorylation in acute myeloid leukemia cells caused by the autocrine secretion of interleukin-6. Blood 95: 3765-3770
To explore the activation patterns of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), we examined whether the phosphorylation of tyrosine705 (Tyr705) and serine727 (Ser727) residues was abnormally regulated in cells from patients with AML. In 5 of 20 (25%) patients with AML, Stat3 was constitutively phosphorylated on Tyr705 and Ser727, which were not further up-regulated by treatment with IL-6. Furthermore, Stat3 was constitutively bound to the IRE response element in these cells as determined by electrophoretic mobility shift assay, and stimulation with IL-6 did not result in increased DNA binding. Interestingly, AML cells with constitutive Stat3 activation also secreted high levels of IL-6 protein. Treating these AML cells with anti-IL-6 resulted in restored IL-6-inducible Stat3 phosphorylation on both Tyr705 and Ser727 with low or undetectable basal phosphorylation levels in unstimulated cells. In contrast, treatment with anti-IL-1 did not result in altered Stat3 phosphorylation patterns. The constitutive IL-6 expression was associated with elevated levels of suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS-1) and SOCS-3 mRNA expression, which were not down-regulated by anti-IL-6. These data indicate that the constitutive Stat3 activation in the investigated AML blasts is caused by high IL-6 secretion levels, thus stimulating the Jak/Stat pathway in an autocrine manner, a paracrine manner, or both. (Blood. 2000;95:3765-3770)
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