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Hatzoglou A, Roussel J, Bourgeade MF, Rogier E, Madry C, Inoue J et al.. TNF receptor family member BCMA (B cell maturation) associates with TNF receptor-associated factor (TRAF) 1, TRAF2, and TRAF3 and activates NF-kappa B, elk-1, c-Jun N-terminal kinase, and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. J Immunol 165: 1322-1330

Laboratory of Experimental Endocrinology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece.
The Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 4.92). 09/2000; 165(3):1322-30. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.165.3.1322
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

BCMA (B cell maturation) is a nonglycosylated integral membrane type I protein that is preferentially expressed in mature B lymphocytes. Previously, we reported in a human malignant myeloma cell line that BCMA is not primarily present on the cell surface but lies in a perinuclear structure that partially overlaps the Golgi apparatus. We now show that in transiently or stably transfected cells, BCMA is located on the cell surface, as well as in a perinulear Golgi-like structure. We also show that overexpression of BCMA in 293 cells activates NF-kappa B, Elk-1, the c-Jun N-terminal kinase, and the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. Coimmunoprecipitation experiments performed in transfected cells showed that BCMA associates with TNFR-associated factor (TRAF) 1, TRAF2, and TRAF3 adaptor proteins. Analysis of deletion mutants of the intracytoplasmic tail of BCMA showed that the 25-aa protein segment, from position 119 to 143, conserved between mouse and human BCMA, is essential for its association with the TRAFs and the activation of NF-kappa B, Elk-1, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase. BCMA belongs structurally to the TNFR family. Its unique TNFR motif corresponds to a variant motif present in the fourth repeat of the TNFRI molecule. This study confirms that BCMA is a functional member of the TNFR superfamily. Furthermore, as BCMA is lacking a "death domain" and its overexpression activates NF-kappa B and c-Jun N-terminal kinase, we can reasonably hypothesize that upon binding of its corresponding ligand BCMA transduces signals for cell survival and proliferation.

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    • "Our demonstration that expression of a constitutively active mutant of GSK-3β prevents the axon growthpromoting action of APRIL suggests that this depends on GSK-3β inactivation. APRIL and BCMA are potent activators of NF-κB family of transcription factors (Hatzoglou et al., 2000; Kern et al., 2004). NF-κB signaling either promotes or inhibits neurite growth depending on the mechanism of NF-κB activation and phosphorylation status of the p65 NF-κB subunit (Gutierrez and Davies, 2011). "
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    ABSTRACT: APRIL (A Proliferation-Inducing Ligand, TNFSF13) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily that regulates lymphocyte survival and activation and has been implicated in tumorigenesis and autoimmune diseases. Here we report the expression and first known activity of APRIL in the nervous system. APRIL and one of its receptors, BCMA (B-Cell Maturation Antigen, TNFRSF17), are expressed by hippocampal pyramidal cells of fetal and postnatal mice. In culture, these neurons secreted APRIL, and function-blocking antibodies to either APRIL or BCMA reduced axonal elongation. Recombinant APRIL enhanced axonal elongation, but did not influence dendrite elongation. The effect of APRIL on axon elongation was inhibited by anti-BCMA and the expression of a signalling-defective BCMA mutant in these neurons, suggesting that the axon growth-promoting effect of APRIL is mediated by BCMA. APRIL promoted phosphorylation and activation of ERK1, ERK2 and Akt and serine phosphorylation and inactivation of GSK-3β in cultured hippocampal pyramidal cells. Inhibition of MEK1/MEK2 (activators of ERK1/ERK2), PI3-kinase (activator of Akt) or Akt inhibited the axon growth-promoting action of APRIL, as did pharmacological activation of GSK-3β and the expression of a constitutively active form of GSK-3β. These findings suggest that APRIL promotes axon elongation by a mechanism that depends both on ERK signaling and PI3-kinase/Akt/GSK-3β signaling.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience
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    • "TACI is able to recruit TRAFs 2, 5, and 6 to its cytoplasmic domain (29) and has been shown to activate NF-κB1, AP-1, and NFAT signaling pathways (30). BCMA has binding sites for TRAFs 1, 2, and 3 in its cytoplasmic tail and is capable of activating NF-κB1, Elk-1, p38 MAPK, and JNK signaling pathways (31). BAFFR contains only a single TRAF binding site, specific for TRAF3 and efficiently activates the NF-κB2 signaling pathway (32). "
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    ABSTRACT: It has been more than a decade since it was recognized that the nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B cells (NF-κB) transcription factor family was activated by two distinct pathways: the canonical pathway involving NF-κB1 and the non-canonical pathway involving NF-κB2. During this time a great deal of evidence has been amassed on the ligands and receptors that activate these pathways, the cytoplasmic adapter molecules involved in transducing the signals from receptors to nucleus, and the resulting physiological outcomes within body tissues. In contrast to NF-κB1 signaling, which can be activated by a wide variety of receptors, the NF-κB2 pathway is typically only activated by a subset of receptor and ligand pairs belonging to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family. Amongst these is B cell activating factor of the TNF family (BAFF) and its receptor BAFFR. Whilst BAFF is produced by many cell types throughout the body, BAFFR expression appears to be restricted to the hematopoietic lineage and B cells in particular. For this reason, the main physiological outcomes of BAFF mediated NF-κB2 activation are confined to B cells. Indeed BAFF mediated NF-κB2 signaling contributes to peripheral B cell survival and maturation as well as playing a role in antibody responses and long term maintenance plasma cells. Thus the importance BAFF and NF-κB2 permeates the entire B cell lifespan and impacts on this important component of the immune system in a variety of ways.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Frontiers in Immunology
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    • "Moreover, a protein similar to BAFF, named a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL) [12], may be a ligand of TACI and BCMA. Binding of BAFF or APRIL to those receptors can activate various signaling pathways, including the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathway [13]–[15]. It has been reported that BAFF and APRIL contribute to the malignant potential of blood cancers and solid tumors [16]–[18]. "
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    ABSTRACT: B cell-activating factor (BAFF) is a cytokine belonging to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily. It has been reported that BAFF is elevated in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis and contributes to the malignant potential of blood cancers and solid tumors. In this study, clinical evidence of increased BAFF levels in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) was obtained, and the roles and mechanisms of BAFF in PDAC were clarified in human tissues of PDAC and from in vitro data of PDAC cell lines. Serum levels of BAFF in patients with PDAC were significantly higher than in healthy subjects (p = 0.0121). Patients with UICC stage IV PDAC (T1-4, N0-1, M1) had significantly higher levels of serum BAFF compared to patients with PDAC (p = 0.0182). BAFF was remarkably expressed in infiltrating B lymphocytes surrounding pancreatic cancer in human pancreatic tissues, suggesting that BAFF may play a role in progression of pancreatic cancer. PDAC cell lines were cultured with human recombinant BAFF, and morphology and gene expression were analyzed; pancreatic cancer cells changed to a fibroblast-like morphology, and showed altered gene expression of E-cadherin, vimentin and Snail. These BAFF-induced changes reflect enhanced cell motility and invasion. BAFF-R-overexpressing cell clones confirmed the association between these BAFF-induced changes and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related genes. BAFF was elevated in patients with metastatic advanced PDAC and induced alterations in PDAC cells via regulation of EMT-related genes. Elucidation of the precise role and mechanism of control of BAFF may lead to new therapeutic approaches with the aim of improving pancreatic cancer survival.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2013 · PLoS ONE
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