Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Resection versus Transplantation

Chirurgische Klinik II-Klinik für Abdominal-, Transplantations- und Gefässchirurgie, Universität Leipzig.
Zentralblatt für Chirurgie (Impact Factor: 1.05). 02/2000; 125(7):624-8. DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1351783
Source: PubMed


For decision of adequate surgical therapy and comparison of results differentiation of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) in cirrhotic and noncirrhotic livers is important. Liver resection is the treatment of choice for HCC in noncirrhotic liver. Between 4/94 and 8/99 we treated 54 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by subtotal hepatic resection (n = 40) and orthotopic liver transplantation (n = 14). Overall 1- and 3-year survival rates of the resection group were 45 and 25% (median follow up: 3.5 years). One-year survival in the transplantation group was 72% (median follow up: 2.2 years). In patients with HCC in cirrhosis in UICC stage I to III the optimal therapy is a controversial issue. In these patients the results after liver resection are poor due to high operative mortality and recurrence (3-year recurrence-free survival: 30%). Regarding the literature, liver transplantation is the treatment of choice in small (< 3-5 cm, < or = 2 tumors) HCCs arising in cirrhosis with better outcome compared to resection. The data in the literature report 3-year-survival rates after liver transplantation of 60-80%. However, consequent patient selection is necessary for this treatment modality. Due to the limited donor resources liver transplantation is rarely justified in advanced tumors.

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