Congenital megacalycosis diagnosed during the study of antenatal hydronephrosis. Case report
Servicio de Pediatría. Hospital General de Albacete.Anales espanoles de pediatria 02/2001; 54(1):74-7.
We describe a case of megacalycosis in a newborn female with a probable antenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of left multicystic dysplastic kidney. Uroradiology, ultrasonography and nuclear medicine studies were performed and diagnosis was established by excretory urogram. We have found only one previously published case of megacalycosis in which diagnosis was made during the postnatal study of antenatal hydronephrosis. Megacalycosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of prenatal hydronephrosis.
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ABSTRACT: Dilation of the genitourinary tract is not always synonymous with obstruction. It is well known that malformations with apparent hydronephrosis and normal urinary flow can exist. In addition, two or more distinct malformations of the genitourinary tract can coexist in the same patient. We present a case of coexistence of a unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney and contralateral megacalycosis associated with ipsilateral distal segmental megaureter. This association is unusual in the literature. Glomerular renal function was normal, with only a slight defect of renal concentration capacity.
Article: Megacalycosis: Report of two cases[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Congenital megacalycosis is a rare renal disorder consisting of caliceal dilatation without evidence of renal pelvic or ureteral obstruction. Since its first description in 1963, only a few cases have been reported. The defect is mostly unilateral, shows male predominance and does not disrupt the renal functions. We report on two male patients with bilateral megacalycosis and different clinical presentations. The first case was diagnosed in adolescence during examination for a urinary tract infection and was followed-up uneventfully for nearly ten years. The second case was found to have megacalycosis during the assessment of antenatal hydronephrosis. We aimed to emphasize the importance of considering megacalycosis in the differential diagnosis of both antenatal hydronephrosis and other causes of caliceal dilatation to prevent unnecessary diagnostic and therapeutic interventions.
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