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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this retrospective multicenter study was to assess the pattern of failures and survival of patients with primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube. The hospital records of 88 patients with primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube were reviewed. Surgery was the initial therapy for all patients. Tumor stage was I in 21 (23.9%), II in 21 (23.9%), III in 43 (48.8%), and IV in 3 (3.4%) patients. Postoperative treatment was given without well-defined protocols. The median follow-up of survivors was 55 months (range, 7-182). Of the 21 patients with stage I disease, 10 had no postoperative treatment and 11 had platinum-based chemotherapy. Five (23.8%) patients recurred after a median of 29 months (range, 8-93) from initial surgery. Of the 21 patients with stage II disease, 2 had no postoperative treatment, 2 underwent external pelvic irradiation, 16 received platinum-based chemotherapy, and 1 patient had oral melphalan. Eight (38.1%) patients recurred after a median of 25.5 months (range, 7-57). Of the 46 patients with stage III-IV disease, 1 patient refused chemotherapy and died after 19 months and 45 patients received platinum-based chemotherapy. A clinical complete response was obtained in 29 (64.4%) patients and a partial response in 8 (17.8%). A second-look laparotomy was performed in 14 of the 29 clinically complete responders: 12 patients were found to be in pathological complete response and 2 had persistent disease. Six (50.0%) of the former recurred after a median of 22 months (range, 13-101) from initial surgery. The two patients with persistent disease developed tumor progression after 15 and 11 months, respectively. Fifteen clinically complete responders did not undergo second-look, and 7 (46.7%) of them had a recurrence after a median of 18 months (range, 9-41). For the whole series, 5-year survival was 57%. By log-rank test, survival was related to FIGO stage (III-IV vs I-II, P = 0.0001), tumor grade (G3 vs G1 + G2, P = 0.0038), and patient age (>58.5 years vs <58.5 years, P = 0.0069), but not to histological type. The Cox model showed that FIGO stage (P = 0.0018) and patient age (P = 0.0290) were independent prognostic variables for survival. Among the patients with stage III-IV disease, 5-year survival was 55% for the patients who had residual tumor <1 cm compared with 21% for those who had larger residuum (P = 0.0169). Primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube shares several biological and clinical features with ovarian carcinoma. However, when compared with the latter, fallopian tube carcinoma more often tends to recur in retroperitoneal nodes and distant sites. Stage, patient age, and, among patients with advanced disease, residual tumor after initial surgery represent important prognostic variables for survival.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2001 · Gynecologic Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: The management of fallopian tube carcinoma is similar to that of ovarian carcinoma. Surgery should consist of bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, total abdominal hysterectomy, comprehensive surgical staging also including a systematic pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy, and aggressive debulking in patients with advanced tumour. Patients with apparently early stage low-risk fallopian tube carcinoma, not submitted to complete surgical staging, as well as those with early stage high-risk disease should receive adjuvant single-agent carboplatin. Patients with advanced disease should undergo paclitaxel- plus carboplatin-based chemotherapy. Second-line treatment for persistent/recurrent disease should be mainly based on the platinum-free interval, whereas secondary cytoreduction should be considered only for highly selected patients with localized, late relapse.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2002 · Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate treatment and survival for women with fallopian tube carcinoma in a population-based data set. Using the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program, we identified 416 women with fallopian tube carcinoma diagnosed between 1990 and 1997. We analyzed treatment and 5-year relative survival. We also compared survival to that of 9032 women with epithelial ovarian cancer diagnosed between 1991 and 1997. Almost half of those diagnosed with stage I/II disease did not undergo surgical evaluation of lymph nodes. Most women with stage I/II disease were treated with surgery alone, while most women with stage III/IV disease were treated with surgery and chemotherapy. Five-year relative survival by FIGO stage was as follows: stage I (N = 102), 95%; stage II (N = 29), 75%; stage III (N = 52), 69%; stage IV (N = 151), 45%. We observed better survival, stage by stage, for women with fallopian tube carcinoma than for women with epithelial ovarian cancer in this population-based data set. It is possible that some patients with advanced, bulky carcinoma arising in the fallopian tube may have been classified as having ovarian or primary peritoneal cancer. Women with fallopian tube cancer should be treated in accordance with the same guidelines for surgical staging, debulking, and adjuvant chemotherapy as for women with epithelial ovarian cancer. Further studies, both laboratory and clinical, are needed to delineate the differences between fallopian and ovarian cancers.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2002 · Gynecologic Oncology
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