Maternal Prepregnancy Weight and Congenital Heart Defects in the Offspring

ArticleinEpidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) 11(4):439-446 · July 2001with2 Reads
Impact Factor: 6.20 · DOI: 10.1097/00001648-200107000-00014 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    To determine the relation between having an infant with a major heart defect and a mother's prepregnancy weight, we compared 1,049 Atlanta-area women who gave birth to liveborn or stillborn infants, each with a major heart defect, with 3,029 Atlanta-area women who gave birth to infants without birth defects. The infants of control women were randomly selected from birth certificates and were frequency-matched to the case group by race, birth hospital, and birth period from 1968 through 1980. After excluding diabetic mothers and adjusting for potential confounders, compared with average-weight women (body mass index 19.9-22.7), we found that underweight women (body mass index <16.5) were less likely to have a child with a major isolated heart defect [odds ratio (OR) = 0.64; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.43-0.97], whereas the OR was elevated among overweight or obese women (body mass index >26) (OR = 1.36; 95% CI = 0.95-1.93). Using average-weight women who did not take periconceptional multivitamins as the reference group, periconceptional multivitamin use was associated with a reduced OR for isolated heart defects among average-weight women (OR = 0.61, 95% CI = 0.36-0.99) and underweight women but not among overweight or obese women (OR = 1.69, 95% CI = 0.69-3.84).