Disposition of naproxen, naproxen acyl glucuronide and its rearrangement isomers in the isolated perfused rat liver

ArticleinXenobiotica 31(6):309-19 · July 2001with5 Reads
Impact Factor: 2.20 · DOI: 10.1080/00498250110052715 · Source: PubMed

1. An isolated perfused rat liver (IPRL) preparation was used to investigate separately the disposition of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) naproxen (NAP), its reactive acyl glucuronide metabolite (NAG) and a mixture of NAG rearrangement isomers (isoNAG), each at 30 microg NAP equivalents ml perfusate (n = 4 each group). 2. Following administration to the IPRL, NAP was eliminated slowly in a log-linear manner with an apparent elimination half-life (t 1/2) of 13.4 +/- 4.4h. No metabolites were detected in perfusate, while NAG was the only metablolite present in bile in measurable amounts (3.9 +/- 0.8% of the dose). Following their administration to the IPRL, both NAG and isoNAG were rapidly hydrolysed (t 1/2 in perfusate = 57 +/- 3 and 75 +/- 14 min respectively). NAG also rearranged to isoNAG in the perfusate. Both NAG and isoNAG were excreted intact in bile (24.6 and 14.8% of the NAG and isoNAG doses, respectively). 3. Covalent NAP-protein adducts in the liver increased as the dose changed from NAP to NAG to isoNAG (0.20 to 0.34 to 0.48% of the doses, respectively). Similarly, formation of covalent NAP-protein adducts in perfusate were greater in isoNAG-dosed perfusions. The comparative results suggest that isoNAG is a better substrate for adduct formation with liver proteins than NAG.