Benefits and Risks of Self Medication

ArticleinDrug Safety 24(14):1027-37 · February 2001with2,899 Reads
DOI: 10.2165/00002018-200124140-00002 · Source: PubMed
Abstract
Self medication is becoming an increasingly important area within healthcare. It moves patients towards greater independence in making decisions about management of minor illnesses, thereby promoting empowerment. Self medication also has advantages for healthcare systems as it facilitates better use of clinical skills, increases access to medication and may contribute to reducing prescribed drug costs associated with publicly funded health programmes. However, self medication is associated with risks such as misdiagnosis, use of excessive drug dosage, prolonged duration of use, drug interactions and polypharmacy. The latter may be particularly problematic in the elderly. Monitoring systems, a partnership between patients, physicians and pharmacists and the provision of education and information to all concerned on safe self medication, are proposed strategies for maximising benefit and minimising risk.
    • "The practice of self-medication must be based on authentic medical information. Irrational use of drugs can cause wastage of resources, increased resistance of pathogens, and can lead to serious health hazards such as adverse drug reactions and prolonged morbidities Hughes CM et al [5] . Selfmedication trends in different regions of the world are high WHO and Bradley C et al. [6,7] like in India, it is 31% Deshpande S et al. [8] and 59% in Nepal Shankar P et al. [9] and it is alarming despite the efforts made to curb this problem Hsiao FY et al. [10] It increases day by day both in developing countries Geissler PW et al. and Sawair FA et al. [11][12][13][14][15][16][17]and developed countries Greenhalgh T and Grigoryan L et al. [18][19][20][21][22][23][24] In developing countries like Bangladesh, selfmedication is a common practice as it provides a low-cost alternative for people who cannot afford the high cost of clinical service and also as many drugs are dispensed OTC without prescription from a registered medical practitioner Hussain S et al. [25] . "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence and factors affecting self medication among the general population of one of the biggest metropolitan city, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The results of the study will focus on the data regarding reasons, public awareness and safety aspects of self medication in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It's a questionnaire based survey which were conducted on adult male and females. A total of 355 questionnaires were analyzed, among respondents, 83.10% were practicing self medication frequently. The reasons of self medication were quick remedy is known (48.43%), lack of time (26.21%) and high fee of doctors (18.52%). The most common diseases in which self medication are applied are fever (24.88%), gastric problem (24.42%), headache (17.21%), cough and cold (14.19%), pain (13.95%), diarrhea (3.95%).
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2016 · Contemporary nurse: a journal for the Australian nursing profession
    • "Female students showed little bit more adherence to the use of self -medication for weight lose. Self-medication have many risks but it can have some advantages also as shown in the study (Hughes et al 2001 ). Major benefits of selfmedication were found to be decrease in health care cost for the Government and the patient and saving in medication bill. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Self-medication is a common incidence in the world today. This study aims to evaluate self-medication among university students of Multan, Pakistan. This randomized cross sectional study was carried out in Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan during December 2015- January 216. A sample size of 200 students was randomly selected. Response rate was 90% (n=182).The prevalence of self-medication among the students was determined to be 83%. There was difference in perception of pharmacy students and students of other professions. Most common condition in which students did self-medication was headache (49.66%; n=75). Students also showed tendency of self-medication in case of herbal and essential oil products (46.35%). Awareness concerning insecurity and benefits of self-medication must be spread among students to avoid the complications of self-medication.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2016
    • "Furthermore, students in our study reported that they had given medication advice to others over the last 12 months and as the students progressed through their degree, they were more likely to offer advice to others. Analgesics have been reported to be the most commonly used group of medications (Hughes, McElnay, & Fleming, 2001; James, Handu, Al Khaja, Otoom, & Sequeira, 2006). Our study found similar results, with students choosing to take paracetamol, ibuprofen and codeine. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Self-medication is a global phenomenon and a major form of self-care.Objectives: To explore the self-medication practices of Australian nursing and midwifery students.Methods: An online questionnaire that examined the prevalence of self-medication, reasons for self-medication, medications consumed, and medication knowledge was distributed to student nurses and midwives at one university in Victoria, Australia. Data were collected between February and May 2014.Results: Self-medication practices were reported in 91.7% (n=110) of students. Students reported the main reason for self-medication was to play an active role in their health. The incidence of stress was high (n=82, 74.5%), along with back pain (n=84, 76.4%) and nearly half the students (n=46, 42.2%) reported using antibiotics that were prescribed for a previous health problem.Conclusion: Self-medication practices were common in this student cohort and some results give rise to concern for the general wellbeing of our future nursing and midwifery workforce.
    Article · Jun 2016
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