The negative effects of sleep difficulties have been well documented. However, the prevalence of such problems among US college students has not been well studied. Design difficulties are common in the limited number of existing investigations, making it difficult to estimates the prevalence and types of disturbance studied. The authors describe the use of a quantitative-based assessment instrument to provide an initial indication of students' sleep problems and to serve as a means of addressing some of the deficiencies in the literature. In their sample of 191 undergraduates at a rural southern university, they found that most of the students exhibited some form of sleep disturbance and that women, in general, reported more sleep disturbances than men did. They suggest how colleges and university officials can alter procedures to minimize students' sleep disturbances and reduce the deleterious effects of sleep problems on academic performance.
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"Both self-reported general health and poor sleep quality are important health outcomes in the general population. Poor sleep quality and sleep deprivation are increasingly common (Buboltz et al., 2001; Gaultney, 2010); based on the Sleep in America Survey, 16% of Americans, including young adults 18 years and older, sleep fewer than 6 hours per night during weekdays, and 65% of the sample surveyed reported some sleep-related problem multiple times per week (National Sleep Foundation, 2008). Young adults and college students are at a growing risk for impaired sleep; dissatisfaction among college students about their levels of sleep increased from 24% in 1978 to 53% in 1988 to 71% in 2000 (Hicks et al., 2001). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The psychological mechanisms by which depressed mood can lead to impaired sleep and poorer overall health remain unclear. The goal of this study was to investigate the extent to which a tendency to ruminate accounts for the associations between depressed mood and both sleep quality and self-reported health in 165 healthy young adults. Self-reported assessments of anxiety, depressed mood, rumination, sleep quality, and general health were collected at two different time points approximately 2 months apart. Structural equation modeling revealed that rumination measured at the earlier time point mediated the relationships between depressed mood and both sleep quality and health, all measured at the later time point, in a model that was a good fit to the data overall, χ(2) (50, N = 165) = 103.08, p < 0.001; RMSEA = 0.08 (0.06-0.10), TLI = 0.91, CFI = 0.94. Results were similar whether or not anxiety was controlled. Results indicate that rumination may be a psychological mechanism by which negative mood leads to impaired sleep and poorer perceived health.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · Journal of Behavioral Medicine
"Of note, although we recognize that ''sleep problems'' is multifaceted and encompasses a variety of sleep characteristics (Kelly and El-Sheikh 2013), for the purposes of the present study, we use the term sleep problems to refer to an individual's subjective perceived quality of his/her sleep experience (independently of sleep duration and sleep– wake irregularity, which we include as covariates—see below). Past studies also have assessed sleep quality based on ratings of problems that include the initiation and maintenance of good sleep (e.g., Buboltz et al. 2001) and include assessments of sleep duration, weekend delay, and/ or weekend oversleep as distinct (though related) sleep characteristics (e.g., Lund et al. 2010; Pilcher and Ott 1998; Soehner et al. 2007). Age, gender, and parental education were included as covariates because past studies have reported significant age and gender differences in sleep quality (e.g., Cheng et al. 2012; Tsai and Li 2004), while reports of family income and socioeconomic status have been found to differentiate among sleep characteristics of adolescents (McHale et al. 2011). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Despite the growing body of research linking sleep problems and social ties, research investigating the direction of effects between these two constructs is lacking. Furthermore, there remains a dearth of research examining the mechanisms that may explain the association between sleep problems and social ties within a longitudinal design. The present 3-year longitudinal study addressed two research questions: (1) Is there a bidirectional association between sleep problems and social ties at university? and (2) Does emotion regulation mediate the association between sleep problems and social ties at university? Participants (N = 942, 71.5 % female; M = 19.01 years at Time 1, SD = 0.90) were university students who completed annual assessments of sleep problems, social ties, and emotion regulation, for three consecutive years. Results of path analysis indicated that the bidirectional association between sleep problems and social ties was statistically significant (controlling for demographics, sleep-wake inconsistency, sleep duration, and alcohol). Analyses of indirect effects indicated that emotion regulation mediated this link, such that better sleep quality (i.e., less sleep problems) led to more effective emotion regulation, which, subsequently, led to more positive social ties. In addition, more positive social ties led to more effective emotion regulation, which, in turn, led to less sleep problems. The findings highlight the critical role that emotional regulation plays in the link between sleep problems and social ties, and emphasize the need for students as well as university administration to pay close attention to both the sleep and social environment of university students.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · Journal of Youth and Adolescence
"Delayed bed times in weekends could be the expression of the college life style and influence of hostel life. Even it could be related with circadian rhythm disorders in the form of delayed sleep phase syndrome marked by significant delays in sleep/wake cycles which is common among college students (Buboltz, 2001). Sufficient sleep is important for ones mental and physical health (Kazim and Abrar, 2011). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sleep is an active, repetitive and reversible state of perceptual disengagement from the environment including unresponsiveness to it. Adequate sleep is extremely important for healthiness. But sleep loss is a remarkable problem in modern society. The objective of this study was to investigate the sleep pattern and its association with students' academic performance. It was a cross sectional study conducted among 4th year UKM undergraduate medical students of session 2011-2012. Inclusive of all 234 registered 4th year students was selected for this study. A standard questionnaire that contained questions on demography, sleep habits, academic performance and ideal sleep was used to collect data. Out of 234 students, 186 were responded giving a response rate of 79.5% where 73% were female and 69% resided in-campus. Including weekdays and weekends averagely, 56.2% respondents slept for 6-8 hours, 29.1% for <6 hours and 14.7% slept for >8 hours. An average of 53.35% respondents had in-frequent day-nap, 34.9% frequent and 11.75% had no day-nap at all. Respondents who slept >6 hours were observed to have significantly higher academic performance. It is concluded that, people need to understand the role of sleep and have to take adequate sleep of 6-8 hours per day for health and wellbeing.
Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science