Lorig KR, Sobel DS, Ritter PL, Laurent D, Hobbs M. Effect of a self-management program on patients with chronic disease

Stanford University School of Medicine, Calif, USA.
Effective clinical practice: ECP 11/2000; 4(6):256-62.
Source: PubMed


For patients with chronic disease, there is growing interest in "self-management" programs that emphasize the patients' central role in managing their illness. A recent randomized clinical trial demonstrated the potential of self-management to improve health status and reduce health care utilization in patients with chronic diseases.
To evaluate outcomes of a chronic disease self-management program in a real-world" setting.
Before-after cohort study.
Of the 613 patients from various Kaiser Permanente hospitals and clinics recruited for the study, 489 had complete baseline and follow-up data.
The Chronic Disease Self-Management Program is a 7-week, small-group intervention attended by people with different chronic conditions. It is taught largely by peer instructors from a highly structured manual. The program is based on self-efficacy theory and emphasizes problem solving, decision making, and confidence building.
Health behavior, self-efficacy (confidence in ability to deal with health problems), health status, and health care utilization, assessed at baseline and at 12 months by self-administered questionnaires.
At 1 year, participants in the program experienced statistically significant improvements in health behaviors (exercise, cognitive symptom management, and communication with physicians), self-efficacy, and health status (fatigue, shortness of breath, pain, role function, depression, and health distress) and had fewer visits to the emergency department (ED) (0.4 visits in the 6 months prior to baseline, compared with 0.3 in the 6 months prior to follow-up; P = 0.05). There were slightly fewer outpatient visits to physicians and fewer days in hospital, but the differences were not statistically significant. Results were of about the same magnitude as those observed in a previous randomized, controlled trial. Program costs were estimated to be about $200 per participant.
We replicated the results of our previous clinical trial of a chronic disease self-management program in a "real-world" setting. One year after exposure to the program, most patients experienced statistically significant improvements in a variety of health outcomes and had fewer ED visits.

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    • "This The significance of self-care and selfmanagement to optimise treatment and prevent further disease progression is extremely important. There is an emergent body of evidence suggesting that, when compared with no intervention (e.g. standard care), selfmanagement approaches can provide benefits for participants by increasing knowledge, performance of self-management behaviours and self-efficacy (Lorig et al, 2001; Barlow et al, 2002), with a decrease in the need for unplanned care (Lorig et al, 2001; Purdy, 2010). Living with a long-term condition such as COPD, and managing symptoms and self-care, can be impeded by the development of depression, resulting in the exacerbation of physical symptoms and emotional distress (Wright et al, 2011). "
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