Laser in situ keratomileusis enhancement for consecutive hyperopia after myopic overcorrection

Department of Ophthalmology , Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, United States
Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.72). 02/2002; 28(1):37-43. DOI: 10.1016/S0886-3350(01)01120-8
Source: PubMed


To assess the efficacy, predictability, and safety of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for the treatment of consecutive hyperopia after myopic LASIK.
Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA.
In a retrospective study, 36 eyes of 30 patients with consecutive hyperopia after myopic LASIK had LASIK retreatment using the VISX S2 excimer laser. Primary outcome variables including uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), manifest refraction, complications, and vector analysis were evaluated preoperatively and 1 day and 3 months postoperatively.
The mean spherical equivalent decreased from +1.52 diopters (D) +/- 0.55 (SD) (range +0.63 to +2.63 D) preoperatively to -0.10 +/- 0.52 D (range -1.25 to +1.50 D) 3 months after retreatment. The UCVA was 20/20 or better in 24 eyes (66.7%) and 20/40 or better in 34 eyes (94.4%). Twenty eyes (55.5%) were within +/-0.5 D of the intended correction and 34 eyes (94.4%), within +/-1.0 D. No eye lost 2 or more lines of BSCVA. One eye (2.8%) developed diffuse lamellar keratitis that resolved without sequelae, and 2 eyes (5.6%) developed nonprogressive epithelial ingrowth that did not require removal.
Laser in situ keratomileusis retreatment for consecutive hyperopia following myopic LASIK was an effective, predictable, and safe procedure. Long-term follow-up is needed to assess stability.

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate and compare the efficacy, predictability, and safety of hyperopic laser in situ keratomileusis (H-LASIK) for the correction of consecutive hyperopia after myopic-LASIK (M-LASIK) and radial keratotomy (RK). The Eye Institute of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. Seventy-seven eyes of 64 patients were studied. The eyes were divided into 2 groups based on the prior refractive procedures: in Group A (n = 34), H-LASIK was performed for overcorrection after M-LASIK and in Group B (n = 43), for overcorrection after RK. All eyes were included in the analysis of intraoperative and postoperative complications. Only eyes with a minimum follow-up of 6 months were included in the analysis of visual and refractive results. Among these 66 eyes, 30 were in Group A and 36 were in Group B. The mean follow-up in these eyes was 12.34 months +/- 5.95 (SD) (range 6 to 33 months). Overall, the mean spherical equivalent (SE) was +1.88 +/- 0.91 diopters (D) preoperatively and -0.37 +/- 0.65 D at the last visit. Eighty-three percent of eyes were within +/-1.00 D of emmetropia, and 66% were within +/-0.50 D. The uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) was 20/20 in 39% of eyes and 20/40 or better in 92% of eyes. The preoperative SE was +1.43 +/- 0.59 D in Group A and +2.26 +/- 0.96 D in Group B; the difference in the preoperative SE was significant (P=.001). However, there was no statistically significant between-group difference in postoperative refraction and UCVA. One eye in Group B (3%) lost 2 or more lines of best corrected visual acuity. Corneal ectasia developed in 1 eye in Group B 11 months after H-LASIK. A sliver occurred in 1 eye in Group A after the flap was recut. Hyperopic LASIK was equally effective and predictable in treating consecutive hyperopia after overcorrected M-LASIK and overcorrected RK. The safety of the procedure in the RK group appeared to be inferior to that in the M-LASIK group. Although vision-threatening complications are rare after H-LASIK retreatment, corneal ectasia developed in 1 eye in the RK group.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2003 · Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Excimer laser-based refractive surgery techniques have been the most popular forms to correct myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. However, development of non-excimer based refractive surgery such as thermal techniques provides a viable alternative to laser vision correction. Earlier forms of thermal techniques showed a lack of predictability and stability, resulting in the abandonment of the further development of these techniques. Recently, conductive keratoplasty, a laserless, radiofrequency-based technique, has been approved by the FDA for the correction of low to moderate hyperopia. Preliminary data showed that conductive keratoplasty seems to be safe, effective, and showed good refractive stability. This review will discuss recent studies on conductive keratoplasty technique in terms of its efficacy, safety, refractive predictability, and stability.
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    ABSTRACT: To describe LASIK for hyperopia, hyperopia with astigmatism, and mixed astigmatism and to examine the evidence to answer questions about the safety and efficacy of the procedure. A literature search conducted for the years 1968 to 2002 retrieved 118 citations. During review and preparation of this article, an additional 2 articles were included. The panel members selected 36 articles for the panel methodologist to review and rate according to the strength of evidence. A level I rating is assigned to properly conducted, well-designed, randomized clinical trials; a level II rating to well-designed cohort and case-control studies; and a level III rating to case series, case reports, and poorly designed prospective and retrospective studies. This assessment describes 5 nonrandomized interventional trials (level II), 3 nonrandomized comparative trials (level III), and 20 noncomparative case series (level III). Additionally, 6 single-case reports (level III) were included because they reported relevant complications, and 2 theoretical analyses (level III) were also considered. This assessment does not compare studies because many variables such as range of hyperopia, follow-up periods, lasers, microkeratomes, techniques, and surgeon experience have not been controlled. For low (<3 diopters [D]) to moderate (3-5 D) hyperopia, results from published studies (levels II and III evidence) have shown that LASIK is effective and predictable in achieving very good to excellent uncorrected visual acuity, achieving postoperative refractions within 1 D of emmetropia, and is safe in terms of minimal loss of best-corrected spectacle vision. Although there are fewer data for hyperopic astigmatism, the results available seem to mirror the data for low to moderate hyperopia (levels II and III evidence). The postoperative results for both uncorrected vision and safety are less compelling, as greater amounts of hyperopia are treated (>4 to 5 D). Utilizing hyperopic LASIK for the treatment of consecutive hyperopia and astigmatism is also effective, although the ability to reduce hyperopic astigmatism after radial keratotomy is limited. Although a variety of ablation profiles can be used to treat mixed astigmatism, very good visual results have been reported (levels II and III evidence). Serious adverse complications leading to permanent visual loss are possible but, fortunately, very rare. There are insufficient data to compare one laser system with another or one ablation profile with another.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2004 · Ophthalmology
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