Tumour-inhibitory and antimetastatic effects of IL-2 in mice carrying MHC class I- tumours of HPV16 origin.

Institute of Molecular Genetics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic.
International Journal of Oncology (Impact Factor: 3.03). 04/2002; 20(3):643-6. DOI: 10.3892/ijo.20.3.643
Source: PubMed


Oncogenic, moderately immunogenic, MHC class I- and class II-, B7-, MK16/1/III ABC (MK16) cells were previously established by co-transfection of HPV16 E6/E7 and activated H-ras oncogene DNA into C57BL/6 kidney cells. Subcutaneous transplantation of these cells produced progressively growing local neoplasms which metastasized spontaneously to lungs and lymph nodes. The MK16 cells were implanted into syngeneic mice and used to examine whether the tumour lacking the signal molecules required for the induction of and sensitivity to T cell immunity is susceptible to local IL-2 treatment and IL-2 gene therapy. Peritumoural administration of human rIL-2 or murine IL-2 gene-modified MK16 tumour vaccine inhibited growth of subcutaneous MK16 tumour transplants and reduced the number of their lung metastases. Spleen cells from MK16 tumour-immunized mice were not cytolytic when allowed to react with the MK16 target cells, although they efficiently lysed the MHC class I+ malignant TC1 cells, obtained from C57BL/6 lung cell cultures after transfection with the same plasmids as those used for the derivation of the MK16 cells. However, when the MK16 cells were cultivated in vitro in the presence of IFNgamma, they acquired, together with the expression of MHC class I molecules, the sensitivity to the cytolytic effect of spleen cells from the MK16 tumour-immunized mice. These results indicate that experimental tumours which are MHC class I- and mimick in this respect a high proportion of human HPV16-associated carcinomas are suitable for IL-2 treatment.

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    • "Due to the redundancy of direct priming of CD8 + CTLs and tumour antigen cross-priming through dendritic cells, even MHC class I ñ tumour cells can induce MHC class I-restricted CTLs. However, the MHC class I ñ tumour cells will not bind the induced CTLs and will not be destroyed by them, unless MHC class I molecule expression is upregulated on the tumour targets (Indrov· et al., 2002). Despite the MHC class I molecule deficiences and the resulting resistance of the MHC class I ñ tumours to the CD8 + CTLs, in the HPV 16-related and some other experimental tumour systems the tumour hosts were found to be capable of being immunized against MHC class I ñ tumours (for review, see BubenÌk, 2002). "
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    ABSTRACT: It has been found previously that IL-2, IFNgamma and GM-CSF were capable of reducing the recurrence rate of HPV 16-associated tumours in mice with SMRTD. We were interested whether the therapeutic effect of the surgery and adjuvant cytokine treatment was accompanied by cytolytic activity of spleen cells and whether the activity of the spleen cells was different in mice that had rejected tumour residua after surgery and adjuvant therapy with cytokines (tumour regressors) as compared to those that had not rejected the tumour residua (tumour progressors). We have examined the cytolytic activity of spleen cells from MHC class I+ TC-1 tumour regressors and progressors after treatment of TC-1 SMRTD with GM-CSF, and the activity of spleen cells from MHC class I- MK16 tumour regressors and progressors after treatment of MK16 SMRTD with IL-2 and IFNgamma. It has been found that irrespective of the tumour type and adjuvant treatment, the spleen cells from tumour regressors after surgery were regularly more cytolytic when allowed to react with target cells from HPV 16-associated tumours than the spleen cells from tumour progressors. No substantial differences between the cytolytic activity of spleen cells from the operated-only and operated plus cytokine (GM-CSF, IL-2, IFNgamma) adjuvant treated groups were observed. The cytolytic activity of spleen cells from mice with SMRTD allowed to react with MHC class I+ , MHC class I-, NK-sensitive and NK-resistant targets is compatible with the interpretation that in the mice with MHC class I+ TC-1 tumours, primarily cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) were efficient, whereas in the mice with MHC class I- MK16 tumours, both NK and non-lymphocytic effector cells were involved.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2003 · Folia biologica
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    ABSTRACT: It has been demonstrated repeatedly that a high proportion of tumours derived from MHC class I+ precursors are MHC class I-. Since a major task in immunotherapy strategies for treatment of malignancies is to develop polyvalent tumour vaccines efficient against a broad spectrum of tumours, we have examined whether MHC class I+ cell-based tumour vaccines can cross-protect against homologous MHC class I- tumour challenge and vice versa. For these purposes, we have used two oncogenic cell lines induced independently by co-transfection of murine H-2b cells with E61E7 HPV16 and activated Ha-ras oncogenes, the tumours TC-1 (MHC class I+, HPV16 E7+) and E7+). Surprisingly, it was found that these two tumours do not cross-react, although both of them contain the crucial HPV16-coded tumour rejection antigen E7. Preimmunization with the MHC class I+ tumour did not protect against a subsequent challenge with the MHC class I- tumour and vice versa; however, immunization with the TC-1 tumour could protect syngeneic mice against the TC-1 tumour challenge and, similarly, immunization with the MK16/1/IIIABC tumour could protect mice against the MK16/1/IIIABC tumour challenge. If this finding can also be confirmed as a more general phenomenon with other MHC class I+ and class 1- tumours, it could have serious implications for design of immunotherapeutic vaccines and protocols.
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