Eating difficulties, assisted eating and nutritional status in elderly patients (> or 65 years) within rehabilitation

ArticleinInternational Journal of Nursing Studies 39(3):341-51 · April 2002with21 Reads
Impact Factor: 2.90 · DOI: 10.1016/S0020-7489(01)00025-6 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    This study describes frequencies and associations between eating difficulties, assisted eating and nutritional status in 520 elderly patients in hospital rehabilitation. Eating difficulties were observed during a meal and nutritional status was assessed with Subjective Global Assessment form. Eighty-two percent of patients had one or more eating difficulties, 36% had assisted eating and 46% malnutrition. Three components of eating were focused upon ingestion, deglutition, and energy (eating and intake). Deglutition and ingestion difficulties and low energy were associated with assisted eating, and low energy associated with malnutrition. Underestimation of low energy puts patients at risk of having or developing malnutrition.