A Case of Chronic Perianal Pyoderma Treated with the Recycled Skin Graft Method
Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Japan.The Journal of Dermatology (Impact Factor: 2.25). 03/2002; 29(2):96-9. DOI: 10.1111/j.1346-8138.2002.tb00173.x
We present here a case of chronic perianal pyoderma (CPP), who was treated with a novel skin graft. The patient was a 28-year-old male who had suffered from painful abscesses and nodules on his buttocks for over 10 years. Although the abscesses and nodules were initially restricted to one buttock, they gradually spread over both buttocks. He visited our hospital in July of 2000. He was clinically diagnosed as CPP and treated with oral doses of antibiotics. When admitted to our hospital in September of 2000, an anal fistula was also found. The operations for CPP and anal fistula were simultaneously performed. After the anal fistula treatment, the lesions of CPP were totally resected. In this procedure, we removed the epidermis and upper dermis from the excised CPP lesions and grafted them on the defects of the excised lesion. There has been no recurrence of the CPP. This operation procedure, which we call the "recycled skin graft method" is less invasive, because a donor site for the skin graft is unnecessary. We considered it to be as one of the effective treatments for CPP.
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ABSTRACT: The treatment of chronic lesions in hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) remains a challenge for dermatologists. In most cases, wide surgical excision of the affected skin reduces the recurrence rate to a minimum. Split-thickness skin grafts have usually been applied to resurface large postoperative defects. OBJECTIVE. : The aim of this study is to introduce an alternative method of skin grafting, called "reused" or "recycled" skin graft, for the reconstruction of the large skin defect with chronic gluteal HS. The study consisted of six patients (two females and four males) with gluteal HS. After a wide en bloc excision, the wound was immediately recovered with meshed-skin graft, made from the resected skin itself. Thus, the sacrifice of the skin donor is spared. The drum dermatome (Padgett-Hood) is suitable to take the split-skin graft from the resected skin of the affected buttock. The thickness of grafts was set between 12/1,000 and 20/1,000 inches, and all grafts were meshed with 1.5 times the expansion. The skin grafts were secured in place on the wound and a tie-over dressing was applied. Postoperative complications were usually minor ones, such as hematoma, discharge, and small areas of graft skin necrosis (less than 1 cm2), although one patient developed a 3 x 4 cm2 graft necrosis and wound infection. The follow-up period after surgery ranged from 8 to 36 months. No patient experienced any functional disabilities or recurrence during follow-up years. When the epidermal involvement remains mild to moderate, this reused skin graft technique is an alternative choice to resurface the surgical defect of gluteal HS. It is superior to the conventional procedure, which requires fresh skin donor site.
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ABSTRACT: The reused skin-graft technique can be used to treat chronic gluteal hidradenitis suppurativa, but long-term outcomes and the reliability of the technique have not been reported. In a retrospective review of 18 men with chronic gluteal hidradenitis suppurativa (age range, 18-68 years) treated with a reused skin graft between June 2004 and March 2012, we evaluated disease severity (Hurley classification system), skin-graft thickness, the need for an additional normal skin graft, histological findings and recurrence rate at the surgical site. The mean duration of follow-up was 61.3 months (range, 17-113 months). Five cases were classified into severity group I, 12 cases into severity group II and one case into severity group III. The range of skin-graft thicknesses was 0.013-0.020 inches. An additional donor site was unnecessary in 10 cases (three cases in group I (60%) and seven cases in group II (58.3%)). Histological examination indicated that a buried epidermal cyst could cause chronic gluteal hidradenitis suppurativa recurrence, although none of the patients experienced recurrence at the surgical site during follow-up. The reused skin-graft technique is reliable for chronic gluteal hidradenitis suppurativa resection, and it shows promising long-term outcomes. Copyright © 2015 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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