Mapping susceptibility genes for the induction of pulmonary fibrosis in mice

University of Rochester Cancer Center and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.
Chest (Impact Factor: 7.48). 04/2002; 121(3 Suppl):21S. DOI: 10.1378/chest.121.3_suppl.21S
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Available from: Clare Baecher-Allan, May 20, 2014
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    • "This pathological end stage of tissue repair is characterised by excess extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition due to increased production and/or an imbalance in turnover often resulting in functional damage in tissues and organs [3,4]. Animal models have shown that the fibrotic response to various injurious agents differs as a result of genetic background [5,6]. In particular, different strains of rodents vary in their susceptibility to scarring and fibrotic pathologies and evidence suggests that such strain susceptibility may be organ specific [7,8]. "
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    ABSTRACT: In humans, a number of genetic factors have been linked to the development of fibrosis in a variety of different organs. Seeking a wider understanding of this observation in man is ethically important. There is mounting evidence suggesting that inbred mouse strains with different genetic backgrounds demonstrate variable susceptibility to a fibrotic injury. We performed a systematic review of the literature describing strain and organ specific response to injury in order to determine whether genetic susceptibility plays a role in fibrogenesis. Data were collected from studies that were deemed eligible for analysis based on set inclusion criteria, and findings were assessed in relation to strain of mouse, type of injury and organ of investigation. A total of 44 studies were included covering 21 mouse strains and focusing on fibrosis in the lung, liver, kidney, intestine and heart. There is evidence that mouse strain differences influence susceptibility to fibrosis and this appears to be organ specific. For instance, C57BL/6J mice are resistant to hepatic, renal and cardiac fibrosis but susceptible to pulmonary and intestinal fibrosis. However, BALB/c mice are resistant to pulmonary fibrosis but susceptible to hepatic fibrosis. Few studies have assessed the effect of the same injury stimulus in different organ systems using the same strains of mouse. Such mouse strain studies may prove useful in elucidating the genetic as well as epigenetic factors in humans that could help determine why some people are more susceptible to the development of certain organ specific fibrosis than others.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · Fibrogenesis & Tissue Repair
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    ABSTRACT: A peritoneal fibrosing syndrome (PFS) can progressively reduce peritoneal ultrafiltration during chronic peritoneal dialysis in patients with renal failure. The pathogenesis of PFS is unclear and the role of peritoneal fibroblasts has not been evaluated experimentally. We followed the fate of fibroblasts producing PFS in a mouse model using fibroblast-specific protein 1 (FSP1) as a marker. PFS was induced by daily peritoneal infusions of chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) saline into transgenic mice expressing the thymidine kinase (Delta tk) gene under the control of the FSP1 promoter (FSP1.Delta tk mice). To demonstrate the role of fibroblasts in PFS, we treated these FSP1.Delta tk mice with a nucleoside analogue to induce DNA chain termination and fibroblast death. Mice receiving peritoneal infusions of CHG saline every other day for 2 weeks developed increasing numbers of FSP1+ fibroblasts in the subserosal layers of the visceral peritoneum. Mac-3+ monocytes (macrophages) subsequently accumulated over the next 2 weeks in association with increased deposition of type I collagen and increased endothelial vascularity (CD31+) in these subserosal tissues. Since these peritoneal fibroblasts expressed monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), heat shock protein 47 (HSP47), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), we suspect they were partially responsible for macrophage recruitment, matrix production, and the neoangiogenesis in the subserosal tissue. Treatment of PFS in FSP1.Delta tk transgenic mice with a nucleoside analogue selectively reduced the numbers of peritoneal fibroblasts and attenuated the attendant changes in peritoneal histology. Rescuing the peritoneal membrane from chronic thickening and neoangiogenesis by reducing the number of fibroblasts also preserved ultrafiltration. Peritoneal fibroblasts play a pivotal role in PFS, and their deletion using a fibroblasts-specific transgene was effective in preventing peritoneal fibrogenesis.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2003 · Kidney International
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