Staging of Gastric Cancer

Department of Surgery, University of Turku, Finland.
Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques (Impact Factor: 1.14). 05/2002; 12(2):77-81. DOI: 10.1097/00129689-200204000-00001
Source: PubMed


In this study, we evaluated and compared the value of spiral computed tomography, transabdominal ultrasonography, laparoscopy, and laparoscopic ultrasonography in staging gastric cancer in 37 patients; there was a special interest in the additional information provided by laparoscopic ultrasonography. Although laparoscopy was unreliable or hindered by adhesions in 11% of the patients, the benefit of laparoscopy for staging was evident especially for the detection of peritoneal carcinomatosis that was missed by the other diagnostic modalities. Laparoscopic ultrasonography did not change the stage of the disease nor the decision whether to proceed with laparotomy for any of the patients. The decision whether to proceed with laparotomy was correctly predicted in 95% of the cases.

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    ABSTRACT: The role of staging laparoscopy in gastric cancers is evaluated in this study with special consideration of the extensive further development of the imaging procedures. The study showed that staging laparoscopy improves the accuracy of preoperative staging particularly in regard to peritoneal seeding and the serosal infiltration. In comparison to histology it was possible to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the staging laparoscopy itself. However the study also showed that the effect of the staging laparoscopy on therapeutic strategy decreases over the years, while the accuracy of the imaging procedures increases. In order to optimize the use of staging laparoscopy in the future, a reliable selection algorithm was developed, which is able to estimate the expected benefit of a staging laparoscopy.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine the accuracy of laparoscopy is staging patients with gastric cancer in comparison with preoperative computed tomography (CT) examination. One hundred patients out of a consecutive series of 258 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma underwent a preoperative staging CT followed by a staging laparoscopy. The strengths of the agreement between the CT stage, the laparoscopic stage, and the final histopathological stage were determined by the weighted Kappa statistic (Kw). The strengths of agreement between the CT stage and the final histopathological stage were Kw = 0.336 (95% confidence interval [CI]; 0.172-0.5; P = 0.0001) for T stage and 0.378 (95% CI; 0.226-0.53; P = 0.0001) for M stage, compared with 0.455 (95% CI; 0.301-0.609; P = 0.0001) and 0.73 (95% CI; 0.596-0.864; P = 0.0001) for the laparoscopic T and M stages, respectively. Unsuspected metastases that were not detected by CT, were found in 21 patients at laparoscopy, all of whom had T3 or T4 locally advanced tumors evident on CT. Preoperative laparoscopic staging of gastric cancer is indicated for potential surgical candidates with locally advanced disease in the absence of metastases on CT. The aim of this study was to examine the accuracy of laparoscopy in staging patients with gastric cancer in comparison with preoperative computed tomography (CT) examination.
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    ABSTRACT: Resection offers the only chance of cure for hepatic colorectal metastases. However, preoperative staging does not always reliably detect unresectable disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the role that laparoscopy with ultrasound may have in detecting unresectable disease, thus sparing patients from unnecessary laparotomy with the associated morbidity and cost. A retrospective review of all patients considered for liver resection of colorectal metastases during a 3-year period was performed, analyzing factors likely to predict resectable disease, rates of resectability, and success of laparoscopic staging at detecting unresectable disease. Of 73 patients with resectable disease on computed tomography, 24 were deemed to need laparoscopy, and 49 proceeded directly to laparotomy. Those first undergoing laparoscopy had shorter disease-free intervals between diagnosis of colorectal cancer and detection of hepatic recurrence and greater numbers of hepatic metastases. Twelve of the 24 patients who underwent laparoscopy had unresectable disease, and 8 of these were detected at laparoscopy. Forty-six of the 49 patients proceeding to laparotomy directly had resectable disease. Laparoscopic staging of hepatic colorectal metastatic disease detects most unresectable disease, preventing unnecessary laparotomy. The likelihood of disease being unresectable is in part predicted by the disease-free interval and the number of hepatic metastases.
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