Varis, A. et al. Targets of gene amplification and overexpression at 17q in gastric cancer. Cancer Res. 62, 2625−2629
Department of Medical Genetics, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki 00290, Finland. Cancer Research
(Impact Factor: 9.33).
DNA copy number gains and amplifications at 17q are frequent in gastriccancer, yet systematic analyses of the 17q amplicon have not been performed. In this study, we carried out a comprehensive analysis of copy number and expression levels of 636 chromosome 17-specific genes in gastric cancer by using a custom-made chromosome 17-specific cDNA microarray. Analysis of DNA copy number changes by comparative genomic hybridization on cDNA microarray revealed increased copy numbers of 11 known genes (ERBB2, TOP2A, GRB7, ACLY, PIP5K2B, MPRL45, MKP-L, LHX1, MLN51, MLN64, and RPL27) and seven expressed sequence tags (ESTs) that mapped to 17q12-q21 region. To investigate the genes transcribed at the 17q, we performed gene expression analyses on an identical cDNA microarray. Our expression analysis showed overexpression of 8 genes (ERBB2, TOP2A, GRB2, AOC3, AP2B1, KRT14, JUP, and ITGA3) and two ESTs. Of the commonly amplified transcripts, an uncharacterized EST AA552509 and the TOP2A gene were most frequently overexpressed in 82% of the samples. Additional studies will be initiated to understand the possible biological and clinical significance of these genes in gastric cancer development and progression.
Available from: PubMed Central
- "ACL regulates a key step that can convert high glycolytic flux into increased lipid synthesis. ACL overexpression or activation has been reported in bladder, breast, liver, stomach and lung tumors (7,25–28). As the first committed step in the glucose-dependent lipid synthesis pathway, ACL inhibition can affect the cholesterol, isoprenoid, and fatty acid synthesis pathways in combination. "
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ABSTRACT: Altered metabolism is one of the most significant features of cancer cells. ATP citrate lyase (ACL), a key enzyme in de novo lipid synthesis, has been reported to be overexpressed or activated in several cancer types. To determine the role of ACL in ovarian cancer progression, we detected ACL expression in human epithelial ovarian cancer tissues. qRT-PCR and western blotting showed higher ACL expression in malignant tissues compared to normal ovarian tissues. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that phosphorylated ACL was increased in ovarian cancer tissues and that its expression correlated well with tumor grade, FIGO stage and poorer prognosis. To explore the therapeutic potential of ACL, we assessed the effect of ACL-siRNA on cellular proliferation and cell cycle distribution. ACL knockdown inhibited cellular proliferation and induced cell cycle arrest in A2780 cells. Taken together, our findings suggest that ACL may contribute to the pathogenesis of human epithelial ovarian cancer, and may serve as a novel therapeutic target.
Available from: Peiyu Pu
- "hsa-miR-451 is located on chromosome 17q11.2, a region known to be amplified in certain types of cancers, in close proximity to ERBB2 (17q12) (16,17). Studies have shown that miR-451 inhibited cell growth (3), proliferation, and invasion and enhance apoptosis (18). "
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ABSTRACT: The microRNA miR-451 is downregulated in gliomas, this has been suggested by several different research groups and is consistent with our data. Our previous study also confirmed that miR-451 has a repressive role in glioma by inhibiting cell growth, proliferation and by inducing cell apoptosis. In the present study, we identified a target gene of miR-451 in human glioma and investigated the mechanism for the glioma suppressive effect of miR-451 functions. Expression of miR-451 in gliomas was identified by quantitative real-time PCR and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Human glioma cell lines (U251, U87, LN229 and A172) were transfected with miR-451 mimics to restore miR-451 expression. The tumor suppressive effects of miR-451 were further verified by subcutaneous assays in nude mice, in addition to our previous in vitro data. A candidate target gene was tested by Western blotting and luciferase reporter assays. Some PI3K/AKT pathway factors were tested by Western blotting. We found that miR-451 expression was downregulated in glioma samples and was inversely correlated with WHO grades of gliomas. In vivo assays confirmed that miR-451 had tumor suppressive traits. CAB39-3'UTR luciferase reporter assay confirmed CAB39 as a direct target gene of miR-451. Significant alterations in the expression of PI3K/AKT pathway factors were observed by Western blot assays. We conclude that miR-451 represses glioma in vitro and in vivo, likely through targeting CAB39 directly and inhibiting the PI3K/AKT pathway indirectly.
Available from: Carlos Sanchez Moreno
- "Our confocal data show that plakoglobin nuclear localization is strongly enhanced by LMB co-treatment, suggesting shuttling of plakoglobin into and out of the nucleus following WNT3A stimulation. Although LMB is an artificial stimulus, others have shown that plakoglobin overexpression can lead to nuclear localization [31,32], and plakoglobin is overexpressed  and amplified  in several types of cancer. Moreover, plakoglobin nuclear localization was much stronger in cells expressing HASOX4, suggesting cytoplasmic SOX4 may facilitate plakoglobin nuclear import. "
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ABSTRACT: SOX4 is a developmental transcription factor that is required for differentiation and proliferation in multiple tissues. SOX4 is overexpressed in many human malignancies, but the precise role of SOX4 in cancer progression is still not well understood. Thus, the identification of additional SOX4 binding partners is essential for elucidating the mechanism of SOX4-mediated effects in cancer progression.
Here, we have adapted a one-step affinity purification method that enables rapid purification of SOX4 complexes via intracellular biotinylation of the amino-terminus of SOX4 to perform large-scale proteomics analysis. We have discovered that junction plakoglobin (JUP) interacts with SOX4 in both the cytosol and the nucleus and the interaction between SOX4 and plakoglobin is significantly increased when prostate and breast cancer cells are stimulated with WNT3A. Interactions between SOX4 and plakoglobin were further enhanced by the nuclear export inhibitor leptomycin B (LMB), suggesting that plakoglobin promotes nuclear export of SOX4. The SOX4-plakoglobin complex affected the expression of Wnt pathway target genes and SOX4 downstream targets, such as AXIN2, DICER1, and DHX9. In addition, SOX4 DNA binding activity to the promoters of DICER1, AXIN2, DHX9 and SOX4 itself was reduced by conditions that promote SOX4-plakoglobin complex formation. Conditions that enhanced SOX4-plakoglobin interactions resulted in reduced transcriptional activity of β-catenin luciferase reporters.
These data suggest that this newly identified interaction between SOX4 and plakoglobin is inhibitory and provides new insights into the role of SOX4 in key pathways in cell proliferation, development, and cancer progression.
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