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ArticleinJournal of Hepatology 36(5):582-5 · June 2002with1 Reads
Source: PubMed
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the effects of hepatitis C virus (HCV) core and non-structural 5A (NS5A) proteins on nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activity for understanding their biological function on chronic hepatitis caused by HCV infection. Luciferase assay was used to measure the activity of NF-kappaB in three different cell lines cotransfected with a series of deletion mutants of core protein alone or together with NS5A protein using pNF-kappaB-Luc as a reporter plasmid. Western blot and indirect immunofluorescence assays were used to confirm the expression of proteins and to detect their subcellular localization, respectively. Furthermore, Western blot was also used to detect the expression levels of NF-kappaB/p65, NF-kappaB/p50, and inhibitor kappaB-a (IkappaB-a). The wild-type core protein (C191) and its mutant segments (C173 and C158) could activate NF-kappaB in Huh7 cells only and activation caused by (C191) could be enhanced by NS5A protein. Moreover, the full-length core protein and its different deletion mutants alone or together with NS5A protein did not enhance the expression level of NF-kappaB. The NF-kappaB activity was augmented due to the dissociation of NF-kappaB-IkappaB complex and the degradation of IkappaB-a. NF-kappaB is the key transcription factor that can activate many genes that are involved in the cellular immune response and inflammation. Coexpression of the full-length core protein along with NS5A can enhance the NF-kappaB activation, and this activation may play a significant role in chronic liver diseases including hepatocellular carcinoma associated with HCV infection.
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  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the prevalence of autoantibodies in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected children focusing on thyroid autoimmunity. We investigated the prevalence of auto-antibodies in 123 chronic HCV-infected children before, during and after monotherapy with interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) or combined treatment with interferon-alpha or peginterferon-alpha and ribavirin. Besides antibodies against smooth muscle (SMA), nuclei (ANA), and liver/kidney microsomes (LKM), the incidence of anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies as well as thyroid function parameters (TSH, FT3 and FT4) were determined. We found that 8% of children had autoantibodies before treatment. During treatment, 18% of children were found positive for at least one autoantibody; 15.5% of children developed pathologic thyroid values during IFN-alpha treatment compared to only one child before therapy. Six children had to be substituted while developing laboratory signs of hypothyroidism. Our data indicate a strong correlation between interferon-alpha treatment and autoimmune phenomena, notably the emergence of thyroid antibodies. The fact that some children required hormone replacement underlines the need of close monitoring in particularly those who respond to therapy and have to be treated for more than 6 mo.
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  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Positive serological tests for hepatitis viruses B and C at blood banks are an important reason for blood deferral. Additionally, high residual risk for transfusing hepatitis-contaminated blood has been estimated in southern Brazil. This study aimed to identify risk factors for positive serological tests for viral hepatitis (VH) in blood donors (BD). A case-control study included consecutive BD with positive serology for VH, between 2008 and 2009. Cases and controls (BD with negative serology for VH) were paired 1:1 by sex and donation date. Assessment of clinical and epidemiological characteristics related to viral hepatitis was conducted. Among 1,282 blood donors (641 cases and 641 controls), those with positive serology for viral hepatitis had higher mean age (p<0.001); higher proportion of replacement donation (p<0.001); first donation (p<0.001); and interviewer deferment (p=0.037), compared to controls. Furthermore, donors with positive tests were less regular donors (p<0.001), had less previous history of rejection (p=0.003) and showed lower hematocrit median before donation (p=0.019). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age (OR=1.056, 95%CI 1.042-1.069, p<0.001), replacement donation (OR=1.545, 95%CI 1.171-2.038, p=0.002) and first donation (OR=9.931, 95%CI 7.486-13.173, p<0.001) were independently associated with positivity of serological tests for viral hepatitis. Specific characteristics of blood donors were associated with positive serology for viral hepatitis. These peculiarities should be taken into account when assessing candidates for blood donation.
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