Measles antibody prevalence rates among young adults in Israel

Medical Corps, Israel Defense Forces, Rehovet, Israel.
American Journal of Infection Control (Impact Factor: 2.21). 06/2002; 30(3):165-9. DOI: 10.1067/mic.2002.118617
Source: PubMed


In Israel, vaccination coverage against measles is high, yet seroepidemiologic studies have shown that more than 15% of the 18-year-old population were unprotected against the disease. A 2-dose program of vaccination against measles, mumps, and rubella at the ages of 1 and 6 years was begun in 1990, supplemented by a measles catch-up plan for all 13-year-olds. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of antimeasles antibodies at induction to the Israel Defense Forces in the first doubly vaccinated birth-cohort.
In 1996, serum samples of 540 recruits, 339 men and 201 women, were tested for measles virus antibody. Findings were compared with surveys conducted in 1987 and 1990.
Measles antibodies were present in 95.6% (95% CI, 93.5-97.1) of the recruits. Antibody prevalence was higher in women than in men (99% vs 93.5%; P =.0096). A slightly lower seroprevalence was found in recruits born in the former Soviet Union. The results were substantially higher than the seroprevalence rates found in 1987 (73.3%) and 1990 (84.6%).
The high prevalence of antimeasles antibodies in the young adult population in Israel points to the success of the double-vaccination policy in promoting immunity against the disease.

13 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Army Health Branch of the Medical Corps in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) maintains responsibility for the IDF's troop vaccination policy. This policy has undergone many changes and adaptations over time, due to shifting trends in civilian and military morbidity; technological advances and the introduction of new vaccines; changes to the cost-effectiveness ratio of specific vaccines; and other causes. The evolution of the IDF vaccination policy has not been reviewed to date, and can well serve as an example of the various considerations influencing public health policy in general, and specifically vaccination policy. Furthermore, questions are often raised by health care professionals as to discharged soldiers' military vaccination history, especially in the context of travel clinics. The authors present an historical review and current update of the IDF vaccination policy.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2004 · Harefuah
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Health surveillance is an essential tool in monitoring health in an armed force and in helping to protect the health of service personnel. This study used a literature search and direct contacts with individual countries to identify and evaluate health surveillance mechanisms used by armed forces worldwide. The study identified several health surveillance mechanisms ranging from periodic health assessments of personnel to complex databases of medical data linked to demographic and other supporting data. Essential elements of an effective health surveillance system are outlined, including the requirement that systems are adequately supported and allow the routine monitoring of health at the population level consistently throughout an armed force and consistently during times of peace and during operations. Areas for further research and development include linking of data on hazardous exposures, jobs and the locations of personnel with medical data, and the follow-up of personnel beyond their military service.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2005 · Military medicine
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We performed a systematic review of articles published during a 2-year period in 4 journals in the field of infectious diseases to determine the extent to which the quasi-experimental study design is used to evaluate infection control and antibiotic resistance. We evaluated studies on the basis of the following criteria: type of quasi-experimental study design used, justification of the use of the design, use of correct nomenclature to describe the design, and recognition of potential limitations of the design. A total of 73 articles featured a quasi-experimental study design. Twelve (16%) were associated with a quasi-experimental design involving a control group. Three (4%) provided justification for the use of the quasi-experimental study design. Sixteen (22%) used correct nomenclature to describe the study. Seventeen (23%) mentioned at least 1 of the potential limitations of the use of a quasi-experimental study design. The quasi-experimental study is used frequently in studies of infection control and antibiotic resistance. Efforts to improve the conduct and presentation of quasi-experimental studies are urgently needed to more rigorously evaluate interventions.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2005 · Clinical Infectious Diseases
Show more