Direct Resolution of Enantiomers in High-Performance Immunoaffinity Chromatography under Isocratic Conditions

ArticleinAnalytical Chemistry 74(9):2119-25 · June 2002with6 Reads
Impact Factor: 5.64 · DOI: 10.1021/ac0157369 · Source: PubMed


    This paper describes the application of stereoselective antibodies as tailor-made chiral selectors for the separation of enantiomers in HPLC under isocratic conditions. Stereoselective monoclonal antibodies to D- and L-alpha-amino acids, raised against protein conjugates of p-amino-D- and L-phenylalanine, were immobilized on a synthetic high-flow-through support material and used for rapid enantiomer separation of a number of amino acids at flow rates between 0.1 and 10 mL/min. Since separations could be performed in a mild buffer, column lifetime considerably exceeded that of classical immunoaffinity systems. Using an anti-D-amino acid antibody as chiral selector, the L-enantiomers eluted with the void volume, while the D-enantiomers eluted second. Inverted elution orders were obtained on chiral stationary phases prepared from an anti-L-amino acid antibody. These results demonstrate, for the first time, that antibody-based chiral stationary phases are useful for routine enantiomer separation under true high-performance chromatographic conditions.