Direct Resolution of Enantiomers in High-Performance Immunoaffinity Chromatography under Isocratic Conditions
This paper describes the application of stereoselective antibodies as tailor-made chiral selectors for the separation of enantiomers in HPLC under isocratic conditions. Stereoselective monoclonal antibodies to D- and L-alpha-amino acids, raised against protein conjugates of p-amino-D- and L-phenylalanine, were immobilized on a synthetic high-flow-through support material and used for rapid enantiomer separation of a number of amino acids at flow rates between 0.1 and 10 mL/min. Since separations could be performed in a mild buffer, column lifetime considerably exceeded that of classical immunoaffinity systems. Using an anti-D-amino acid antibody as chiral selector, the L-enantiomers eluted with the void volume, while the D-enantiomers eluted second. Inverted elution orders were obtained on chiral stationary phases prepared from an anti-L-amino acid antibody. These results demonstrate, for the first time, that antibody-based chiral stationary phases are useful for routine enantiomer separation under true high-performance chromatographic conditions.
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