Three groups of male, hospitalized alcoholics—a total of 105 patients—were studied. In addition, the expectancies from hospitalization of the relatives of one of the groups was related to the participation in treatment of that group.
Patients whose relatives visited them and agreed upon goals, as well as patients who had no relatives, participated better than patients whose relatives visited but ... [Show full abstract] disagreed on goals, or patients whose relatives could have visited but did not.
Patient's and relatives' expectancies for “psychological” help were associated with better participation than in cases where expectancies were only for “physical” help.
Motivation for treatment is a complex matter involving not only the patient's goals but his pattern of communication with family members, and in some circumstances, having no family provides a better prognosis than having a non-supporting or poorly communicating family.