Article

[Abnormal changes in the upper digestive tract in patients with bronchial asthma]

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Abstract

The specific features of digestive tract abnormalities were studied in 187 patients with bronchial asthma (BA) in the presence of reflux esophagitis (RE). A control group comprised 50 healthy individuals of both sexes who had no signs of bronchopulmonary diseases. Morphofunctional changes in the mucosa of the upper digestive tract were detected in 77.54% of the patients. Concurrent digestive and respiratory diseases lead to mutual burdening syndrome. Microaspiration in RE provokes bronchial exacerbations both in an asthmatic attack and at remission by resulting in progressive BA. Early diagnosis of an occult digestive tract abnormality may be made only when a complex of ultrasound and X-ray endoscopic studies is applied.

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