Standard animal model programs can be modified to include the effect of a quantitative gene, even if only a fraction of the population is genotyped. Five methods to estimate the effect of a diallelic quantitative gene affecting a quantitative trait were compared to a standard animal model (model I) on simulated populations, based on mean squared errors and bias. In models II, III, and IV complete linkage between a single genetic marker and the quantitative trait gene was assumed. In models II and III the elements of the incidence matrix for the gene effect were 0 or 1 for genotyped individuals, and the probabilities of the possible candidate gene genotypes for individuals that were not genotyped. In model III segregation analysis was used to compute these probabilities. If only some of the cows were genotyped, the model III estimates were nearly unbiased, while model II underestimated the simulated effects. When only sires were genotyped, model II overestimated the simulated effect. In models V and VI two markers bracketing the quantitative gene with recombination frequencies of 0.1 and 0.2 with the quantitative gene were simulated, and the algorithm of Whittaker et al. (1996) was used to derive estimates of gene effect and location. In model V marker allele effects were included in the animal model analysis. In model VI, the model I genetic evaluations were analyzed. Model V estimates for both effect and location of the quantitative gene were unbiased, while model VI estimates were only 0.25 of the simulated effect.